Over most of the last decade, employment levels in the UK rose faster among foreign nationals than among UK nationals. In 2012 and 2013 the share of employment growth attributed to UK nationals increased, as the share attributed to foreign nationals fell. Lower-skilled employment has been falling consistently for UK nationals since 2003, while such employment grew among foreign nationals.
2012 saw the first substantial rise in lower-skilled employment for UK nationals in a decade and a fall in the number of foreign nationals in lower-skilled employment. Using data from the Labour Force Survey, this report examines these changes, and places it in the context of longer-term labour market trends, recent economic conditions and immigration policy changes.