© Crown copyright 2016
This publication is licensed under the terms of the Open Government Licence v3.0 except where otherwise stated. To view this licence, visit nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence/version/3 or write to the Information Policy Team, The National Archives, Kew, London TW9 4DU, or email: email@example.com.
Where we have identified any third party copyright information you will need to obtain permission from the copyright holders concerned.
This publication is available at https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/dft-single-departmental-plan-2015-to-2020/single-departmental-plan-2015-to-2020
This includes £2.6 billion resource DEL and £6.1 billion capital DEL.
This government is investing to make journeys better: simpler, faster and more reliable. Our plan will support jobs, enable business growth, and bring our country closer together.
- Boosting economic growth and opportunity
- Building a One Nation Britain
- Improving journeys
- Safe, secure and sustainable transport
Lead ministers and officials (at 19 February 2016)
Roads and local transport
Lead minister: Andrew Jones MP, Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Transport
Lead official: John Dowie, Acting Director General Roads, Traffic and Local Group
Lead minister: Claire Perry MP, Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Transport
Lead official: Bernadette Kelly, Director General Rail Group
Lead minister: Robert Goodwill MP, Minister of State
Lead official: David Prout, Director General High Speed 2 Group
Aviation and maritime
Lead minister: Robert Goodwill MP, Minister of State
Lead official: Lucy Chadwick, Director General International, Security and Environment Group
Lead minister: Lord Ahmad, Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Transport
Lead official: Jonathan Moor, Director General Resources and Strategy Group
1. Boosting economic growth and opportunity
1.1 What DfT is doing
Transport is at the heart of the economy, moving people and goods around, connecting homes and businesses.
Better transport provides opportunity and increases productivity. It directly reduces the cost to businesses of getting the materials they need and delivering their goods to market. It means people and businesses have greater choice of products, and this competition drives quality up and prices down. Better transport increases the range of jobs people can access, increasing productivity through lower unemployment and a better match between skills and jobs. It increases the positive interactions between businesses that improve skills networks and boost innovation.
For decades, transport investment has not kept pace with demand. Increases in population and longer journeys mean we are travelling twice as far as in 1970 and parts of our transport network are full. That is why we are increasing the level of investment in transport by 50% by 2020 to support a more productive Britain. We will work with the newly established National Infrastructure Commission to provide the long-term solutions our country needs.
This investment will not just deliver new and highly efficient infrastructure, it will create opportunity for people across the UK. Major projects like HS2 and Crossrail create some of the largest value contracts in UK construction history, creating supply chain opportunities across the country. We will work with the transport sector and supply chain partners to deliver 30,000 apprenticeships in road and rail over the 5 years to 2020. Our ‘Transport infrastructure skills strategy’ sets out how we will grow the skills needed across all transport industries. We will encourage greater diversity in the workforce, including attracting more women into engineering.
Government investment will not solve all our problems — we also need to increase private investment. This means being an attractive destination for inward investment. Investment in ports and airports in particular will be critical for meeting the government’s ambition to double UK exports.
It also means getting the regulatory framework right for all the businesses that use our transport networks. In particular, the UK is a global leader in new transport technology, a comparative advantage that helps secure highly skilled and well paid jobs. The government is committed to providing a regulatory environment which helps businesses to take advantage of new opportunities and incentivises the development of new technology.
Investing in infrastructure
- increase the level of investment in transport by 50% by 2020
- deliver the transport schemes in the ‘National infrastructure plan’
- implement the first ‘Road investment strategy’, with £15 billion of projects underway by 2021 including 1,300 extra lane miles and improvements to over 60 problem junctions
- plan for the second ‘Road investment strategy’ (2020 to 2025) including strategic studies
- create a national roads fund by financial year 2020 to 2021, to administer all Vehicle Excise Duty generated in England and fund our road investment strategies
- contribute £6 billion to the Local Growth Fund this Parliament for investment in local transport, including £475 million for major schemes
- invest £38 billion in our railway network in the 5 years to 2019
- implement Sir Peter Hendy’s proposals for delivering the rail enhancements programme including electrification of the Great Western, TransPennine, and Midland Main Lines, and continue to explore the possibility for further electrification in East Anglia and the South West in future control periods
- roll out our national high speed rail network with long-term investment of up to £55.7 billion (2015 prices) to deliver HS2: Phase One by 2026, Phase 2a by 2027 and the rest of the network by 2033
- complete the construction of the new east-west Crossrail across Greater London
- push forward with plans for Crossrail 2, with the next step for the National Infrastructure Commission to publish its advice at Budget 2016
- plan for the next rail investment period (2019 to 2024) and beyond
- meet our commitments in the ‘Productivity plan’ and ‘Rural productivity plan’
- introduce a new approach to station redevelopment and commercial land sales on the rail network
- invest to unlock key parts of the rail network to freight
- continue to liaise closely with Transport for London (TfL) and contribute to their investment programme
Getting the regulatory framework right
- deliver savings to businesses by cutting red tape and further deregulating the transport sector
- respond to Nicola Shaw’s report on the future shape and financing of Network Rail
- change the timing of first MOT tests to cut costs for motorists following consultation
- develop appropriate legal and regulatory frameworks for drones and spaceplanes
- consult business on adapting regulation for innovation in the transport sector as part of our commitment to produce an innovation plan
- reform the Air Travel Operators Licence (ATOL) regime
Supporting the UK transport sector
- work with the transport sector and supply chain partners to deliver 30,000 apprenticeships in road and rail over the 5 years to 2020
- encourage greater diversity in the workforce, including attracting more women into engineering
- respond to the Airports Commission’s final report
- produce a strategy to address skills shortages in partnership within the infrastructure sector
- make 2018 a year to celebrate engineering
- maintain the UK’s world-leading position for developing and testing connected and autonomous road vehicle technology
- invest over £600 million over the next 5 years to achieve the aim for almost every car and van to be a zero emission vehicle by 2050
- take forward the recommendations of the ‘Maritime growth study’ to help UK-based companies succeed and to grow the UK flag
- increase skills in the maritime industry
- support private sector investment in UK ports and airports
- work with the rail freight industry to develop a strategy that supports the future growth of the industry
- increase DfT procurement spend through small businesses
1.2 How DfT is doing
Value for money
Value for money
This figure is not comparable to previous data collected via the National Infrastructure Pipeline on the same basis due to differences over time in the way data has been captured and recorded.
Source: National Infrastructure Pipeline.
Source: Administrative data — TfL and rail schemes will be included in 2016 data.
We have set an ambition to deliver 30,000 apprenticeships in road and rail this Parliament. The ‘Transport infrastructure skills strategy’, published on 28 January 2016, sets out how we will monitor and report on progress. Data will be included here in due course.
Savings to business as a result of deregulation
2. Building a One Nation Britain
2.1 What DfT is doing
We will help to ensure that every part of Britain benefits from a growing economy and that everyone who works hard has an opportunity to succeed.
Economic growth in the UK in recent decades has been too dependent on London. There is significant untapped potential in our other cities, regions and rural areas. Transport investment and improved connectivity is key to unlocking that potential.
The North has a number of important cities which perform well individually, but as part of a united economic area would be capable of competing with the best in the world. That’s why we are building HS2 and a Northern Powerhouse to make the whole greater than the parts by bringing cities together and connecting the North West, Yorkshire and the North East. This will increase productivity, attract private sector investment and create new jobs and opportunities.
The Midlands is at the centre of our transport networks. Investment there is fundamental to creating a modern, inter-connected transport network nationwide. We are also investing in connections to the South West and the east of England, binding these areas into the wider economy and enabling them to play to their strengths.
Across the UK we need to enable cities and regions to take the driving seat to unlock opportunity and grow the economy in their area. Local people know what works for their region so we will give them a greater say in determining transport priorities and investment, backing Transport for the North (TfN) and Midlands Connect.
Bringing our country together is not just about creating opportunity through new investment. We must also create hope and opportunity by keeping transport affordable and accessible for all. We will keep costs down for commuters and create an inclusive and accessible transport network that works for everyone. This means making our transport systems affordable and easy to use. We also need to provide the flexibility to support changing lifestyles and working patterns, including developing season tickets for part-time commuters.
Transport has to work for everyone — transport for One Nation.
Rebalancing the economy by building the Northern Powerhouse
- work with Transport for the North to develop the ‘Northern transport strategy’
- invest £13 billion in northern transport
- invest over £6 billion in the northern road network, with the dualling and widening of the A1 north of Newcastle, the first new trans-Pennine road capacity in over 40 years and upgrading of the A1, M62, M1 and A555 link road
- electrify the main rail routes, build the Northern Hub, and provide new trains for the North
- develop Northern Powerhouse Rail, with next steps being the National Infrastructure Commission’s advice on northern connectivity, and the government and Transport for the North’s joint ‘Northern transport strategy’ update, both for publication at Budget 2016
- provide £150 million to further roll out smart ticketing on rail in the North
- integrate local transport networks with the strategic schemes in the ‘Northern transport strategy’
Investing in the regions
- invest £5.2 billion in better transport for the Midlands, upgrading the M1 and M6 and electrifying the Midland Main Line from St. Pancras to Sheffield
- improve connections to the South West with major investment in the M5, A358, A30 and A303, electrification of the Great Western Main Line and new fast trains on the route
- build a tunnel where the A303 passes closest to Stonehenge
- improve rail connections to East Anglia, delivering ‘Norwich in 90 minutes’ and ‘Ipswich in 60 minutes’
- upgrade key roads in the east of England like the A14 and A47
- operate the Regional Air Connectivity Fund
- be a key partner in delivering devolution deals and wider devolution
- reform the bus market
- establish Transport for the North as a statutory body with statutory duties to produce a long-term transport strategy for the North
- work in partnership with Midlands Connect to transform connectivity in the Midlands
- devolve further transport powers through the Scotland and Wales Bills
Keeping costs down for commuters and making transport accessible to all
- keep commuter rail fares capped in real terms for the whole of this Parliament — the fares we regulate will only be able to rise by inflation (RPI), and train operating companies will not have any flexibility to raise ticket prices above this
- require train companies to improve compensation arrangements for rail passengers when trains are more than a few minutes late
- introduce part-time season tickets
- protect bus services by maintaining the bus service operator grant
- maintain concessionary passes for older and disabled people
- publish an accessibility action plan to improve access to public transport and contribute to halving the employment gap between non-disabled and disabled people
- ensure the community transport sector has the skills and support needed to operate effectively
2.2 How DfT is doing
Boosting infrastructure outside of London and the South East: number of transport infrastructure projects and programmes in construction and completed
Source: National Infrastructure Pipeline.
Source: Administrative data — TfL and rail schemes will be included in 2016 data.
Average minimum travel times to key services in England
The access to services statistics provide estimates of minimum journey times from where people live to a range of important services (covering food stores, education, health care, town centres and employment centres) for the populations who use them, in 2014, in England.
|Average minimum travel times to key services, in England (2014)|
|Public transport/walking||17 minutes|
|Pedal cycle||14 minutes|
3. Improving journeys
3.1 What DfT is doing
Transport is integral to our daily lives: for our work, our free time and making the most of opportunities. The reliability of our transport system is crucial for business confidence and is at the heart of people’s daily travel experience. We are taking the long-term decisions required on airport capacity in the South East, HS2 and the strategic road network. These schemes will increase capacity, meaning minor incidents and weather events do not turn into long delays. We are funding local authorities to plug their backlog in highways maintenance, filling pot-holes and re-laying surfaces on local roads. On our railways, reliability is being improved through investment in new trains, new track and new signalling.
We are rolling out new technologies on transport networks that meet the expectations of a digital age. These new technologies can make travel arrangements easier and more flexible as well as delivering extra capacity and faster journeys. New technology will mean rail journeys where you pay with a smart ticket and can use Wi-Fi and mobile phones more easily. We are digitising reporting of the movement of goods and passengers at the UK border. We are investing in digital signalling on the railways so that we can run more services and save money in the long run.
We are improving the travel experience. Better road surfaces make driving smoother and reduce wear and tear on vehicles. New trains delivered through the Intercity Express and Thameslink programmes, and the replacement of Pacer trains in the North will provide a better travelling environment, more seats and more services meaning fewer commuters have to stand at peak times.
We are improving journeys so that they are simpler, faster, cheaper, and more reliable.
Rolling out new technology and innovation on our transport networks
- roll out the South East Flexible Ticketing programme
- invest millions of pounds in fitting out trains with new Wi-Fi equipment
- improve mobile phone signals to benefit passengers on trains
- encourage increasing use of digital railway signalling
- continue to roll out smart motorway technology and prepare our road infrastructure for the vehicle technologies of the future
- ensure that 95% of the strategic road network will have a charging point every 20 miles, which will be rapid charging points wherever possible
- improve maritime freight journeys at the UK border through a single digital reporting window
Enhancing and maintaining our transport networks
- take action to tackle some of the most notorious and longstanding problems on our road network, including improvements to the A303, A47 and A27
- continue to provide funding for local highway maintenance, equivalent to fixing around 18 million potholes nationwide between 2015 and 2021
- maintain and renew the strategic road network
- use the Total Transport pilot scheme to test innovative cost-effective solutions
- deliver the Thameslink programme
- deliver the Intercity Express programme
- negotiate service quality improvements in rail franchise contracts
3.2 How DfT is doing
National rail passenger survey, Great Britain
National road user satisfaction survey, England
financial year 2014 to 2015 user satisfaction score for most recent journey undertaken on the strategic road network.
Satisfaction score is a composite measure of satisfaction with safety, upkeep, information provision, journey time and roadworks management on motorways and trunk roads.
|Users very or fairly satisfied with elements of their most recent journey (financial year 2014 to 2015)|
Proportion of trains running on time, Great Britain
A train is defined as on time if it arrives at its destination within 5 minutes of the scheduled destination arrival time for London and South East and regional operators; or within 10 minutes for long-distance operators.
Proportion of non-frequent bus services running on time, England
Average excess waiting time for frequent bus services, England
Data is available for each local authority (see source). National figures are not available.
Average delay on strategic roads and average delay on local ‘A’ roads, England
Proportion of flights on time (within 15 minutes), UK
This Indicator is based on data taken from 23 UK airports
Source: Aviation statistics.
4. Safe, secure and sustainable transport
4.1 What DfT is doing
We must have the highest standards of security and safety on our transport systems so they can be used with confidence by everyone.
The UK transport network has been an enduring target for international terrorism and DfT plays an important role in government’s overall counter-terrorism strategy. A successful terrorist attack would put lives at risk and have a significant economic impact. When security events happen here and overseas, transport is either affected or is a major part of the response. We are continuously revising our response to emerging threats from terrorist groups such as Daesh, and supporting emergency responders as they improve their plans to react to an incident. The Prime Minister has already announced a doubling of spending on aviation security over the course of the spending review, and we will maximise the benefits from that funding.
The safety of customers and staff is the number one priority for every organisation operating in the transport sector. Making sure vehicles are safe to drive and the people driving them have the skills they need keeps roads safe. Guarding the coast, the sea and the air is vital for preventing the loss of life. Investigating rail, aviation and maritime accidents and learning lessons is essential for preventing similar accidents from happening again. By encouraging people to behave in a safe way, such as by reducing speeding or drink driving, we can reduce accidents. Safe transport saves lives.
UK transport networks must also be resilient to extreme weather and transport incidents to minimise disruption. This will be ever more important in future as travel and freight demands on our transport systems continue to grow. We are implementing the recommendations of the ‘Transport resilience review 2014’ by embedding physical resilience into our investments, improving recovery, and developing better communications with the public during times of disruption.
Transport has a big role to play in meeting the government’s objectives on the environment and public health. The issues of climate change, air quality and obesity interlock with shared solutions of removing the barriers to cycling and walking and developing new green technologies such as ultra low emission vehicles. Together these will cut the carbon emissions that cause climate change, reduce the localised pollution that causes air quality problems, and make it easier for people to lead active and healthy lives.
Ensuring the safety of people using and working on the transport system
- develop and implement a road safety plan
- invest in safer infrastructure on the strategic road network
- invest over £200 million to make cycling safer, so we reduce cyclists and other road users killed or injured on our roads every year
- license drivers and vehicles through the work of the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA)
- test and enforce driver and vehicle standards through the work of the Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency (DVSA)
- approve new vehicle types through the work of the Vehicle Certification Agency (VCA)
- license, regulate and provide emergency response to the UK maritime sector through the work of the Maritime and Coastguard Agency (MCA)
- negotiate and implement the fourth package of EU railway legislation
Maintaining and improving the security and resilience of the transport system against the full range of threats and hazards
- maintain and improve the security and resilience of transport infrastructure against the full range of threats and hazards
- deliver dedicated programmes, underpinned by risk assessment and tailored to each of the modes of transport
- contribute to cross-government security and resilience initiatives
- continue to invest in research into innovative screening and detection technologies
- more than double our spending on aviation security around the world, with more British experts able to act overseas, working side by side with host nations in the most vulnerable locations
- ensure a robust and proportionate range of security measures are in place on the Channel Tunnel network and at ports, working closely with key stakeholders including other government departments
Supporting wider government objectives to protect the environment and public health
- ensure transport plays its part in delivering the government’s climate change obligations
- contribute to delivery of the national air quality plan
- double the number of journeys made by bicycle
- deliver the ‘Road investment strategy’ ring-fenced funds for air quality, environment, growth and housing, innovation, cycling, safety and integration
- invest £300 million to mitigate the worst impacts of noise on those living close to the strategic road network, support the transition to low-carbon road transport, improve local water quality and resilience to flooding, maintain an attractive landscape, work to halt the loss of biodiversity and reduce light pollution from roads
- replace biodiversity lost in the construction of HS2 by providing replacement habitats and enhancing existing habitats
- work to secure agreement on a new global market-based measure to tackle carbon emissions from international aviation
- improve the environmental performance of DfT day-to-day activity
4.2 How DfT is doing
Number of fatalities and serious injuries in reported road traffic accidents, by road user, Great Britain
|Fatalities and serious injuries in reported road traffic accidents (2015)|
Total domestic greenhouse gas emissions from transport, UK
New registrations of ultra low emission vehicles: total number and proportion of all new registrations, UK
Source: Vehicle licensing statistics.
Annual number of trip stages per person made by bicycle, England
Source: National travel survey: 2014.
Delivering efficiently in DfT
Harnessing technology and innovation in the DfT family of organisations to deliver more customer-focused and flexible services at lower cost.
What DfT is doing
As a department we are committed to reducing our operating costs over the Parliament, while continuing to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of our services through:
- reducing the department’s administration budget (including agencies) by 12% in real terms over the spending review period: efficiency is the key to living within budget whilst delivering new commitments and keeping our ambitious capital investment programme on track
- enabling fee reduction for customers: DfT’s motoring agencies will reduce and improve the use of property further still — we also have ambitious plans for how they can remain at the vanguard of digitisation in government, generating significant efficiencies by placing more services online
- delivering large scale efficiencies in the current ‘Road investment strategy’: Highways England will continue to roll out smart motorways that increase capacity at lower cost than traditional road widening methods
- embedding a programme of initiatives to embed savings in HS2, including the use of off-site fabrication in the construction phase
- achieving substantial efficiencies in Network Rail from running and maintaining the railway over the current rail investment period (2014 to 2019): Network Rail will also make savings by managing its property more effectively, including moving its headquarters from London to Milton Keynes
How DfT is working collaboratively across government
We will work collaboratively with Cabinet Office, HM Treasury and other government departments to deliver transformational change in key areas, including:
- developing digital solutions that meet common standards set by the Government Digital Service and utilise cross-government platforms such as GOV.UK Verify, GOV.UK Pay or GOV.UK Notify as part of departmental digital services wherever this demonstrates the best value for money solution for government
- rationalising our estate in a joined-up way, looking to develop ‘government hubs’ with other government departments, releasing land for housing where possible and participating in the development of the new commercial property model
- delivering savings in our commercial relationships including through spend on common goods and services, deliver in partnership with Crown Commercial Services: continuing to build our commercial capability and working with Crown Commercial Services to deliver the government’s 33% commitment of our spend with small and medium enterprises by 2020
- working in partnership with: the Cabinet Office to deliver arm’s length bodies’ transformation plans; Infrastructure and Projects Authority on major projects, programmes and prioritisation; and reducing losses through fraud and error alongside developing a debt management strategy