Research and analysis

Cyber crime: a review of the evidence

A review of the published evidence on the scale and nature of cyber crime, drawing upon data from academic, industry and government sources.

Documents

Cyber crime: a review of the evidence summary

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Cyber crime: A review of the evidence chapter 1: Cyber-dependent crimes

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Cyber crime: A review of the evidence chapter 2: Cyber-enabled crimes - fraud and theft

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Cyber crime: A review of the evidence chapter 3: Cyber-enabled crimes – sexual offending against children

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Cyber crime: A review of the evidence chapter 4: Improving the cyber crime evidence base

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Detail

This review focuses on evidence relating to cyber-dependent crimes (for example, the spread of viruses and other malware; hacking and DDoS attacks) and cyber-enabled crimes (for example, cyber-enabled fraud and theft; and sexual offending against children, including grooming and indecent imagery).

The review also considers the available evidence regarding victims, offenders and the costs of cyber crime. The final chapter highlights various challenges with the cyber crime evidence base, and proposes further steps for improving the measurement of cyber crime.