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This publication is available at https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/charitable-giving-hs342-self-assessment-helpsheet/hs342-charitable-giving-2018
This helpsheet tells you about 4 of the tax reliefs for giving to charity. Sometimes changes to these reliefs may be introduced that aren’t reflected in this helpsheet or in the guidance notes for completing your tax return. HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) recommends you go to the guide Tax relief when you donate to a charity or ask your tax adviser before completing boxes 5 to 12 in the ‘Charitable giving’ section of the tax return.
This is a scheme providing relief for gifts of money to charities, including organisations in EU member states, Norway and Iceland and from 31 July 2014 Liechtenstein, that meet the UK tax definition of a charity.
Gift Aid donations can also be made to Community Amateur Sports Clubs (CASCs) that are registered with HMRC as a CASC when the donation is made. The rules governing the operation of Gift Aid are broadly the same for CASCs as for charities. However CASCs are unable to claim Gift Aid tax relief on membership subscriptions. You’ll need to have given the charity or CASC a declaration saying that you want your gift to be treated as a Gift Aid payment. You can make declarations in writing or verbally (usually by phone), including by electronic means such as email or text message.
There’s no upper or lower monetary limit on the amount of a gift that can qualify for Gift Aid provided you’ve paid enough tax to cover the amount that is payable to the charity or CASC.
Payments to charities or CASCs made under the Gift Aid scheme are treated as having been made after deduction of Income Tax at the basic rate. The charity or CASC can then reclaim that Income Tax from HMRC. Because of this, it’s important for you to have paid enough Income Tax or Capital Gains Tax (at whatever rate) to cover the tax the charity or CASC can reclaim from HMRC.
If the amount of Income Tax or Capital Gains Tax that you’re due to pay for a tax year is less than the tax reclaimed for the year on your gifts by all the charities and CASCs to which you’ve made Gift Aid donations, you may have to pay an additional amount of Income Tax. This additional amount is the difference between the tax reclaimed by the charities or CASCs on your gifts and the Income Tax and Capital Gains Tax due on your income and chargeable gains.
If you pay Income Tax at the basic rate no additional relief is due on your gifts (unless you’re claiming certain allowances available for people aged over 65 years - see below).
If you pay Income Tax at the higher rate or additional rate you’ll be able to claim relief based on the ‘grossed-up’ amount of your gifts. With a basic rate of Income Tax of 20%, gifts are grossed-up by multiplying the amount you give by 100 divided by 80. Higher Rate and Additional Rate Relief is given by increasing your basic rate band and higher rate band by the grossed-up amount of your gifts. In most cases, if you pay tax at the higher or additional rates (40% or 45%), your relief will be equal to the difference between basic rate and either 40% or 45%.
If your Gift Aid payments add up to £100 in 2017 to 2018 the grossed-up value of your donation to charity would be £100 × 100/80 = £125. Higher rate relief due to you would be:
- £25 if you pay tax at 40% (£125 at 20%)
- £31.25 if you pay tax at 45% (£125 at 20% plus £125 at 5%)
You don’t need to calculate the amount of the relief due. Simply enter the total amount of payments made under Gift Aid in boxes 5, 6, 7 and 8 (as appropriate) on page TR4 of your tax return. Keep a record of the individual amounts in case HMRC asks you for more information. If you make any Gift Aid donations to non-UK charities please enter the total amount of such donations in box 12.
The grossed-up amount of any Gift Aid donations you make reduces the level of your income when calculating any entitlement you may have to the age-related personal allowance. Without this information you may not receive all the allowances you’re entitled to.
If you make any Gift Aid payments between 6 April 2018 and the date you submit your tax return for the year ended 5 April 2018, you can include those payments in that return. This means that any relief due on those payments will be given for the year before the one in which the gift was actually made, so relief is given earlier. You’ll need to have paid enough Income Tax or Capital Gains Tax in the earlier year to cover the tax that the charities reclaim on those donations. You should enter the amount of these payments in box 8 on page TR4 of your tax return.
Payments made on or after 6 April 2018 can only be included in the return for the year ended 5 April 2018 if your return is sent to reach HMRC before the appropriate filing date. You must make any claim to carry back a Gift Aid donation to the previous tax year in your original tax return for the year ended 5 April 2018. HMRC can’t accept a first claim or a higher claim in an amended tax return for the year ended 5 April 2018.
Gifts of shares and securities to charity
You can claim relief against Income Tax for certain gifts of shares and securities to charity. You can also claim the relief if you sell the shares or securities to the charity for less than their market value. This is in addition to the exemption from Capital Gains Tax on such gifts.
Qualifying investments are:
- shares or securities listed on a recognised stock exchange
- shares or securities dealt in on a designated market in the UK - the only markets currently designated for these purposes are the Alternative Investment Market of the London Stock Exchange and the PLUS-Quoted Market of PLUS Markets
- units in an Authorised Unit Trust
- shares in an Open-Ended Investment Company (OEIC)
- an interest in certain overseas collective investment schemes (broadly, schemes equivalent to unit trusts or OEICs)
The relief you can claim will usually be the market value of the shares or securities at the time you give or sell them to the charity:
- plus any incidental costs of disposal (for example, brokers’ fees or Stamp Duty)
- less the value of any consideration or benefits that you receive for the gift or sale
You should also deduct the aggregate amount of any ‘disposal-related liabilities’ in calculating the amount of relief. In broad terms, disposal-related liabilities are liabilities to which the charity becomes subject for the transfer. It’s unlikely that any disposal-related liabilities will arise in connection with a simple gift of shares or securities.
There are special rules designed to prevent the relief being used for tax avoidance purposes. Where these rules apply, relief may be restricted or withdrawn. You should check with your tax adviser before claiming relief if you’ve participated in a tax avoidance scheme, the purpose of which was to get or increase tax relief by giving shares or securities to a charity.
The amount that you enter in box 9 on page TR4 of your tax return is the amount of the relief that you’re claiming. If you’re claiming relief for any donations of shares or securities to non-UK charities, please enter the total amount in box 11.
Keep all the documents relating to the transfer of the shares or securities to the charity in case HMRC ask for more information.
Gifts of real property to charity
You can claim relief against Income Tax for certain gifts of land and buildings to charity. You can also claim the relief where you sell the property to the charity for less than its market value. This is in addition to the exemption from Capital Gains Tax on such gifts. A qualifying interest in land is the whole of a person’s beneficial interest in freehold or leasehold land in the UK.
If you’ve granted a lease of land to a charity, that lease may count as a qualifying interest in land. If the lease is rent free or below a market rent, relief may be available.
Where land is held by 2 or more persons, all of the joint owners must dispose of their interest in the property to the charity if any of them are to claim relief. The charity must give you a certificate specifying the land and the interest it has accepted from you.
There are special rules designed to prevent the relief being used for tax avoidance purposes. Where these rules apply, relief may be denied or withdrawn.
The relief you can claim is the market value of the property at the time you give or sell it to charity:
- plus any incidental costs (for example, legal fees)
- minus the value of any consideration or benefits you receive for the gift or sale
You should also deduct the aggregate amount of any disposal-related liabilities in calculating the amount of relief. In broad terms, disposal-related liabilities are liabilities to which the charity becomes subject for the transfer. It’s unlikely that any disposal-related liabilities will arise for a simple gift of property.
The amount you enter in box 10 on page TR4 of your tax return is the amount of relief you’re claiming. If you’re claiming relief for any gifts of property to non-UK charities, include the total amount of such donations in box 11.
Keep the documents relating to the gift or sale of the property to the charity in case HMRC asks you for more information.
If you give to charity using a Payroll Giving scheme you’ll already have received tax relief at source. The amount of pay you enter on the Employment page of your tax return is the amount after deducting your Payroll Giving donations. This is the amount shown by your employer on form P60 or P45. This ensures you receive all the tax relief due. Don’t enter the amount of Payroll Giving donations anywhere on your tax return.
The amount of tax relief you can claim against your income each year is limited to the greater of £50,000 or 25% of your adjusted total income. You need to report your Payroll Giving donations on the Additional information pages, so they can be included in your ‘adjusted total income’ calculation for the purpose of establishing the cap on your Income Tax relief.
To find more information about giving to charity, see Tax relief when you donate to a charity.
For more information about online forms, phone numbers and addresses contact Self Assessment: general enquiries.