Research and analysis

Bus elasticities and diversion factors

Reviews the evidence on how bus patronage is influenced by fares and journey time, and provides diversion factors for all modes.

Documents

Bus fare and journey time elasticities and diversion factors for all modes

This file may not be suitable for users of assistive technology. Request an accessible format.

If you use assistive technology (such as a screen reader) and need a version of this document in a more accessible format, please email webmasterdft@dft.gov.uk. Please tell us what format you need. It will help us if you say what assistive technology you use.

Details

This report provides evidence on:

  • bus fare elasticities (how bus passenger numbers respond to a change in price)
  • bus journey time elasticities (how bus passenger numbers respond to a change in journey time)
  • diversion factors for all modes (how new travellers on one mode of transport would otherwise have travelled)

The research led to the addition of bus and cycling diversion factors within the WebTAG guidance, announced in the forthcoming changes document of 31 May 2018.

Published 5 July 2018