In March 1997, the Environment Agency and the Department of Trade and Industry commissione a life cycle approach to assess options for processing and disposal of end of life vehicles (ELVs). The options that were considered were:
- Practices that were current at the time the study was undertaken in 1997, applied to 2015;
- Reuse, recycling and recovery targets for 2015 (82% reuse and recycling, 18% to incineration with energy recovery, of which 5% is disposed as ash residuals) set out in a plan produced in 1995 by a UK industry group called ACORD (the Automotive Consortium on Recycling and Disposal). This plan provided much of the basis for the 1997 ACORD voluntary agreement;
- The reuse, recycling and recovery targets for 2015 (85% reuse and recycling, 10% energy recovery and 5% landfill) as set out in the draft EC ELV Directive 11034/971, produced in 1997.