Research and analysis

Application of life cycle assessment to investigate options for disposal and processing of end of life vehicles in 2015

This study considers the potential environmental impacts associated with implementing the 2015 targets for recycling.


Application of Life Cycle Assessment to Investigate Options for Disposal and Processing of End of Life Vehicles in 2015

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In March 1997, the Environment Agency and the Department of Trade and Industry commissione a life cycle approach to assess options for processing and disposal of end of life vehicles (ELVs). The options that were considered were:

  • Practices that were current at the time the study was undertaken in 1997, applied to 2015;
  • Reuse, recycling and recovery targets for 2015 (82% reuse and recycling, 18% to incineration with energy recovery, of which 5% is disposed as ash residuals) set out in a plan produced in 1995 by a UK industry group called ACORD (the Automotive Consortium on Recycling and Disposal). This plan provided much of the basis for the 1997 ACORD voluntary agreement;
  • The reuse, recycling and recovery targets for 2015 (85% reuse and recycling, 10% energy recovery and 5% landfill) as set out in the draft EC ELV Directive 11034/971, produced in 1997.
Published 1 January 2002