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This research looked at four different potential processes for enquiries about results
(EAR) for examined work:
The current review process – in which examiners review the original marking
of the script and should change the mark only where the original mark cannot
be justified. (condition 1)
A review plus tolerance process – in which examiners review the original
marking as above. A ‘tolerance’ is applied such that any second mark within
tolerance (say, plus or minus 3 marks) of the original mark is discarded and the original mark
retained. This would be to prevent one legitimate mark being replaced by
another legitimate mark. (condition 2)
A single clean re-mark – where examiners mark the script with no sight of the
original marking or annotations. This is sometimes called a blind re-mark.
A double clean re-mark with resolution – where two examiners
independently mark a script. Where their marks differ, they come to a joint
decision on the most appropriate mark. (condition 4)