The Earth’s climate is changing, and these differences in global temperatures are already altering weather patterns, causing sea level rise and increased frequency and intensity of extreme weather. Even if emissions stop today, our past emissions mean changes to climate will continue for the next 30-40 years.
Altering our behaviour to respond to these impacts of climate change is known as ‘adaptation’. It means not only protecting against negative impacts, but also making us better able to take advantage of any benefits. The earlier we start adapting, the less it will cost and the better equipped we will be to cope with these and other potential changes.