Corporal Thomas Edgar enlisted in the Border Regiment in 1941 but was tragically killed in 1944 during the last few days of Operation Market Garden in Oosterbeek, the Netherlands. Today, the MOD’s Joint Casualty and Compassionate Centre (JCCC) is appealing for Thomas’ family to get in touch after his grave site was finally identified over 70 years after he was killed in action.
Harry was born in Carlisle in May 1917 to John Edgar and Margaret Anne Sproat. Thomas had 4 sisters called Alice, Margaret, Frances and Olive and 2 brothers called William and John. He was living in Stanwix, Carlisle when he enlisted.
He was part of 1st (Airborne) Battalion, The Border Regiment and fought in Oosterbeek during Operation Market Garden, one of the most controversial Allied operations of the second World War. The operation was conceived by Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery as an attempt to end the war early. The operation began on 17 September 1944, lasted for 7 days and involved over 30,000 men. The aim was to take the 8 key bridges that span the network of canals and rivers on the Dutch/German border.
Once the Airborne troops had landed, they began to advance towards Arnhem. They quickly found their radios were not working, communication with other Brigades became nearly impossible resulting in only 1 British Battalion managing to find its way through the German perimeter. XXX Corps, who were meant to be supporting the Paratroopers, were delayed on their journey and facing fierce resistant from the German Panzers. On the third day they reached the Nijmegen Bridge, but crossing it was extremely costly to the Allies. By this point the paratroopers had barely any supplies left and had lost huge amounts of men. The Allies were forced to abandon their positions and try to fight their way out. Three miles from Arnhem, British paratroopers were holding a pocket of land at Oosterbeek. It was decided to evacuate the Allied troops and Operation Market Garden failed.
Since the second World War, the Recovery and Identification Service of the Royal Netherlands Army has been working to identify the graves of unknown soldiers killed in the battle at Arnhem. The exhumation reports from 1946 were scrutinised for clues to the identities of these unknown soldiers and the research was presented to the MOD. After performing an in depth examination, 6 Border Regiment soldiers have now been identified.
One of these soldiers is Corporal Thomas Edgar and plans are in place to change the headstone and perform a rededication service to honour their sacrifice and bravery.
The MOD is now launching an appeal to track down any of Thomas’ surviving relatives so that they can be invited to attend the service which will take place at Oosterbeek Cemetery on 14 September.
Nicola Nash, from the JCCC said:
We do not know a great deal about Thomas, but what we do know is that he was living in Stanwix, Carlisle when he enlisted. We are hoping that there is some family still living in the area, especially as he had so many siblings.
Unfortunately that is about all we know about him and his family and that’s where the trail goes cold.
If you can help with tracing Thomas’ family, please call Nicola on 01452 712612 extension 6063 or email her on: DBS-JCCCCommem3SO3@mod.uk