Radio spectrum refers to the radio waves over which all wireless communication takes place, including radio, television, radar, satellite, mobile voice and data. Under plans announced today, the MOD intends to auction around 200 Megahertz (MHz) of its spectrum usage rights.
The announcement comes as market demand for extra spectrum is mounting, fuelled by the sharp rise in the use of spectrum-hungry devices such as smartphones and tablets.
The sale will give private operators the chance to buy more spectrum to support the introduction of fourth-generation mobile services to people in cities, towns and villages across the UK.
Alternatively the spectrum could be used by fixed-line operators to provide wireless access to broadband services.
The spectrum being sold by the MOD is all below 15 Gigahertz (GHz) which is regarded as the most useful and valuable part of the radio spectrum because of its wide range of applications.
Almost half of all spectrum below 15GHz is held by the public sector and is used for a broad range of services including defence, emergency services, transport and science. The MOD holds around three-quarters of all publicly-held spectrum and one-third of all spectrum below 15GHz.
Minister for Defence Equipment, Support and Technology, Philip Dunne, said:
We welcome this opportunity to free up much-needed spectrum. We hope that the sale will help drive the roll-out of new generation networks and universal access to broadband, both of which are vital to the UK’s prosperity.
The sale follows the announcement made in the Government’s 2010 Spending Review that at least 500MHz of public spectrum below 5GHz will be released by 2020 for new mobile communications uses. The spectrum to be sold off is being cleared of military users to contribute towards this target.
Preparations are expected to start at the end of 2013, with the auction completed by the summer of 2014. Ahead of this, the MOD intends to produce an Industry Brochure in early spring 2013 and to host an Industry Day in early summer 2013.