Rogue waste crime operators could be slapped with new fines if they mislabel their waste to dodge tax rules, an independent review ordered by Environment Secretary Michael Gove has recommended.
The review also concluded that compulsory electronic tracking of waste could help clamp-down on illegal movements of waste at home and abroad, and that there should be financial penalties for producers if their waste is found to be deposited illegally.
The recommendations come from a major independent review ordered in June. It looked at the government’s approach to tackling waste crime, which cost the English economy more than £600 million in 2015. The recommendations of the review will now be considered and responded to in Defra’s forthcoming Resources and Waste Strategy.
The review found that the government should give the criminals responsible greater cause to fear the consequences of their actions.
Welcoming the findings, Environment Secretary Michael Gove said:
The threat to society from waste crime is real. Criminals are running illegal waste sites as a cover for theft, human trafficking, drug running and money laundering.
It is costing our economy millions of pounds each year, and blighting our communities.
I welcome today’s review. We are committed to clamping down on these unscrupulous groups and we will set out our next steps in our forthcoming Resources and Waste Strategy.
Other recommendations include:
- A Joint Unit for Waste Crime (JUWC) led by the Environment Agency with the Police, Crime Commissioners, HMRC and waste industry representatives working together to tackle the most serious cases; and,
- a national database of registered waste brokers to make it harder for unscrupulous operators to do businesses.
Lizzie Noel who chaired the review said:
In this report, we set out how we can modernise the structures, capabilities and powers to manage and reduce the problem of organised waste crime now and in the future.
Our intention must be to give the criminals responsible real cause to fear the consequences of their actions. Today that is not the case.
I would like to record my thanks to my review team, my advisory board, colleagues at Defra and the Environment Agency.
Between 2011 and 2017, the Environment Agency stopped the operation of 5411 illegal waste sites.
While an average of two illegal waste sites are shut down every day, they continue to create severe problems for local communities and business, particularly in rural areas, as well as posing a risk to key national infrastructure.
Since 2014, the Environment Agency has been given an extra £60million by the government towards enforcement work to tackle waste crime. The extra investment has shown a return of about £5 for every £1 extra spent.
Sir James Bevan, Chief Executive of the Environment Agency, said:
I welcome this review. Serious waste crime is the new narcotics – it damages the environment and harms local communities.
The review rightly recognises the dedication of Environment Agency officers who work tirelessly to bring the criminals to justice. In the last year, the Environment Agency has closed down over 800 illegal waste sites and brought almost 100 successful waste crime prosecutions.
But there is still more to be done. This report represents an opportunity to ensure we have the right powers, resources and coordination to win this fight.
The review builds on recent government measures to tackle waste crime, including new powers for the Environment Agency to lock the gates to problem waste sites to prevent waste illegally building up and powers to force operators to clear all the waste at problem sites, and extending landfill tax to include material disposed of at illegal waste sites. The government also recently announced a new pilot scheme that will make available up to £10 million to the Environment Agency to work with partners to clear the worst abandoned waste sites that blight local communities.
The recommendations of the review will now inform a strategic approach to waste crime, which will be published in the government’s forthcoming Resources and Waste Strategy later this year.
- Serious and organised crime is the planning, coordinating and committing serious offences, whether individually, in groups and/or as part of transnational networks.
- The review was chaired by Lizzie Noel, who was supported by an advisory panel bringing a wide range of experience in serious organised crime, security, and waste. The panel comprises Julia Mulligan, Police and Crime Commissioner for North Yorkshire, Colin Church, former Chief Executive Officer at Chartered Institution of Wastes Management, and Craig Naylor, Deputy Chief Constable in Lincolnshire Police.
- A study by the Home Office suggests that criminals may use waste management activities such as operating illegal waste sites as a cover for crimes such as theft, human trafficking, fraud, drugs supply, firearms supply and money laundering.
- Examples of recent prosecutions for waste crimes include arrests made earlier this year in London for fraud and money laundering offences across the country, and enforcement action taken in April 2017 after the illegal dumping of 20,000 tonnes of waste at 17 sites across the Midlands, North West and North East.
- Householders can check if a waste carrier is an approved carrier on the Environment Agency website.
- For further information please contact Defra press office on 020 8225 7317 or out of hours on 0345 051 8486
The ten recommendations of the report are:
- The Joint Unit for Waste Crime (JUWC) should be established.
- Strategic relationships between the Environment Agency and PCCs should be established.
- The Environment Agency should be equipped with the necessary tools and powers to pursue and disrupt organised crime.
- Waste sector legislation should be amended to allow for more effective prevention and disruption of organised crime.
- Mandatory electronic tracking of waste, and a national database of registered brokers, should be introduced at the earliest opportunity.
- The Environment Agency should be granted full access to relevant police databases.
- Registration and duty of care requirements for carriers, brokers and dealers should be reformed (including in relation to hazardous waste).
- Waste producers should be held accountable for the end destination of their waste products.
- Plans for additional 2018-22 Environment Agency funding should be reviewed to ensure consistency with plans for a Joint Unit for Waste Crime
- Government should reform funding for the regulation and policing of the waste sector at the earliest opportunity.