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Defra guidance on Local Authority Pollution Control (LAPC) regime

Process guidance notes (PG notes) on emission contols: animal and vegetable processing, incineration, minerals, metals and solvents sectors.

Under the Environmental Permitting (England and Wales) Regulations 2010, local authorities must regulate certain types of factory and other activities such as dry cleaners. This is to reduce any pollution they may cause and, in particular, to help improve air quality. Businesses which operate these premises must have a permit.

These premises are known as “installations”. Some are called ‘Part B’, and local authorities can only deal with air pollution from them. Many different sorts of pollution are controlled at ‘Part A2′ installations. The Part B regime is known as Local Air Pollution Prevention and Control (LAPPC), and the A2 regime as Local Authority Industrial Pollution Prevention and Control (LA-IPPC).

District or borough councils are normally the regulator. In areas with only one council (a Unitary Council), it is the regulator. The port health authority may be the regulator in port areas.

Local authorities deal with about 80 different types of installation. Glassworks and foundries, rendering plant and maggot breeders, petrol stations and concrete crushers, sawmills and paint manufacturers, are among the sorts regulated.

Applying for a permit

The operator of one of these installations must apply for a permit. He or she must pay a fee, to cover the local authority’s costs, for doing so. The regulations say what information must be in the application.

The local authority must consider the application to decide whether or not to approve it. The authority must consult relevant members of the public and other organisations.

Contact us

Defra’s Local Authority Industrial Pollution Control Policy Team can be contacted via: control.pollution@defra.gsi.gov.uk

Defra should only be contacted for legal, policy or procedural advice.

Guidance for local authorities

Defra guidance on the Local Authority Pollution Control (LAPC) regime consists of:

  • a short, simple 3-page guide to LAPC
  • a statutory General Guidance Manual which sets out the procedures and policy
  • statutory process guidance (PG) notes which set out the Secretary of State’s view on what constitutes Best Available Techniques for each of the main sectors regulated to control their air emissions (so-called “Part B” activities)
  • statutory sector guidance (SG) notes which do the same for the sectors regulated under integrated pollution prevention and control (so-called “A(2)” activities
  • a set of additional guidance (AQ) notes covering various other issues
  • miscellaneous other guidance.

Short guide to LAPC

General Guidance Manual (revised April 2012)

Guidance on pre-application discussions is in paragraph 4.19 of Part A of the Manual.

Process Guidance notes (PG notes)

Animal and Vegetable Processing sectors:

Combustion and Incineration:

  • PG 1/3 (12) – Boilers and furnaces, 20‑50 MW net rated thermal input
  • PG 1/4 (11) – Gas turbines, 20-50 MW net rated thermal input
  • PG1/05 (95) – Compression ignition engines, 20‑50 MW net rated thermal input (unofficial version)
  • PG1/12 (12) – Combustion of waste wood (Revised July 2013)
  • PG5/2 (12) – Crematoria First issued February 2012. All deadlines referring to the “publication of this note” are to be calculated from that date.
  • PG5/3 (13) – Animal carcase incineration (Revised July 2013)

Minerals sector:

Metals sector:

  • PG2/01 (13) - Furnaces for the extraction of non-ferrous metal from scrap (Revised July 2013)
  • PG2/02 (13) – Hot dip galvanizing processes (Revised July 2013)
  • PG2/03 (13) - Electrical, crucible and reverberatory furnaces (Revised July 2013)
  • PG2/04 (13) – Iron, steel and non-ferrous metal foundry processes (Revised July 2013)
  • PG2/05 (13) – Hot and cold blast cupolas, and rotary furnaces (Revised July 2013)
  • PG2/06 (13) – Processes melting and producing aluminium and its alloys (Revised July 2013)
  • PG2/07 (13) – Zinc and zinc alloy processes (Revised July 2013)
  • PG2/08 (13) - Copper and copper alloy processes (Revised July 2013)
  • PG2/09 (13) - Metal decontamination processes (Revised July 2013)
  • PG2/10 (13) - Melting magnesium and its alloys (Revised July 2013)
  • PG4/01 (13) – Surface treatment of metal processes (Revised July 2013)
  • PG6/35 (13) - Metal and other thermal spraying processes (Revised July 2013)

Organic chemicals sector:

Petroleum and powder coating sector:

  • 1/13 (13) – Storage, unloading and loading petrol at terminals
  • 1/14 (13) – Unloading of petrol into storage at petrol stations
  • 6/9 (04) – Manufacture of coating powder
  • 6/31 (13) – Powder coating including sherardizing and vitreous enamelling dry
  • 6/42 (13) - Bitumen and tar processes

Solvents sector:

See also: Solvent process guidance notes not included as part of the 2009-12 review.

  • 6/03 (11) – Chemical treatment of timber and wood-based products
  • 6/07 (11) - Printing and coating of metal packaging (Revised June 2014)
  • 6/08 (11) – Textile and fabric coating and finishing (Revised June 2014)
  • 6/13 (04) – Coil coating
  • 6/14 (11) – Film coating (Revised June 2014)
  • 6/15 (11) – Coating in drum manufacturing and reconditioning (Revised June 2014)
  • 6/16 (11) - Printing (Revised June 2014)
  • 6/17 (11) – Printing of flexible packaging (Revised June 2014)
  • 6/18 (11) – Paper coating (Revised June 2014)
  • 6/20 (11) – Paint application in vehicle manufacturing (Revised June 2014)
  • 6/22 (11) – Leather finishing (Revised June 2014)
  • 6/23 (11) – Coating of metal and plastic (Revised June 2014)
  • 6/25 (04) – Vegetable oil extraction and fat and oil refining
  • 6/28 (11) – Rubber (Revised June 2014)
  • 6/32 (11) – Adhesive coating including footwear manufacturing (Revised June 2014)
  • 6/33 (11) – Wood coating (Revised June 2014)
  • 6/34 (11) - Respraying of road vehicles (Revised July 2013)
  • 6/40 (11) – Coating and recoating of aircraft and aircraft components (Revised June 2013)
  • 6/41 (11) – Coating and recoating of rail vehicles (Revised June 2014)
  • 6/43 (11) - Formulation and finishing of pharmaceutical products (Revised June 2014)
  • 6/44 (11) - Manufacture of coating materials (Revised June 2014)
  • 6/45 (11) – Surface cleaning (Revised June 2014)
  • 6/46 (11) – Dry cleaning (Revised June 2014)
  • 6/47 (11) – Original coating of road vehicles and trailers (replaces PG 6/34a (06) (Revised June 2014)

Sector Guidance notes (SG notes)

  • IPPC SG1 – Secretary of State’s Guidance for the Particleboard, Oriented Strand Board and Dry Process Fibreboard Sector (September 2006)
  • IPPC SG2 – Secretary of State’s Guidance for the A2 Glassmaking Sector (revised 31 October 2006)
  • IPPC SG3 – Secretary of State’s Guidance for the A(2) Ferrous Foundries Sector (January 2006)
  • IPPC SG4 – Secretary of State’s Guidance for A(2) Activities in the Non-ferrous Metals Sector (January 2006)
  • IPPC SG5 – Secretary of State’s Guidance for the A2 Galvanising Sector (September 2006)
  • IPPC SG6 – Secretary of State’s Guidance for the A2 Surface Treatment Using Organic Solvents Sector (February 2011)
  • IPPC SG7 – Secretary of State’s Guidance for the A2 Ceramics Sector including Heavy Clay, Refractories, Calcining Clay and Whiteware (September 2007)
  • IPPC SG8 – Secretary of State’s Guidance for the A2 Rendering Sector (November 2008) (Revised December 2008)
  • IPPC SG9 – Secretary of State’s Guidance for A2 Roadstone Coating, Mineral and Other Processes that Burn Recovered Fuel Oil (April 2005)
  • IPPC SG10 – Secretary of State’s Guidance for the A2 Animal carcass incineration with capacity of less than 1 tonne per hour

The GGM, and PG and SG notes, are either issued under regulation 64 of the Environmental Permitting Regulations or shall be taken to have been issued under that regulation.

All PG and SG notes are written in consultation with relevant stakeholders, including appropriate trade associations.

AQ Notes

2012

2010

2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

Other guidance

  • A separate series of guidance notes has been published by Defra’s Environmental Permitting Programme. All procedural and policy guidance directly relevant to Local Authority Pollution Control should, however, be contained in the General Guidance Manual.

Sector Guidance notes (SG notes)

  1. Environmental permitting guidance: Core guidance

    • Guidance