Guidance

Environmental fines or notices: appeal against a regulator

How to appeal to a tribunal against fine, notice or other sanction issued by the Environment Agency, Natural England or another regulator.

What you can appeal against

You can appeal against a fine or a notice for an environmental offence - eg for pollution or dumping toxic waste - imposed by:

  • Environment Agency
  • Natural England
  • Marine Management Organisation
  • National Measurement Office
  • local flood authorities
  • Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
  • Department of Energy and Climate Change
  • Department of Enterprise, Trade and Investment
  • Welsh ministers
  • local authorities in Wales

The tribunal only deals with appeals against civil sanctions - not criminal offences.

The regulator’s decision may be put on hold until after the tribunal has considered your case, but this won’t always be possible.

The tribunal

Your case will be dealt with by a tribunal in the General Regulatory Chamber.

The tribunal is independent of the government, and will listen to both sides of the argument before reaching a decision.

How to appeal

You must appeal within 28 days of receiving the decision from the regulator.

Use the notice of appeal form and guidance notes.

Say clearly why you think the regulator’s decision was wrong or unreasonable.

Include any supporting documents, like the regulator’s decision

Send the form to grc@hmcts.gsi.gov.uk or:

General Regulatory Chamber
HM Courts and Tribunals Service
PO Box 9300
Leicester
LE1 8DJ

Telephone: 0300 123 4504
Fax: 0870 739 4114

What happens next

The tribunal will write to you about the next steps.

Find out more about General Regulatory Chamber hearings and decisions.

Legislation and rules

You can find the main sanctions and the right to appeal to the tribunal in the Environmental Civil Sanctions (England) Order 2010 and the Environmental Civil Sanctions (Wales) Order 2010.

The other environmental regulations are listed in rules and rights of appeal leaflet.

You can read the rules on how your case will be handled in the General Regulatory Chamber procedure rules.