- Read the manufacturer’s Field Safety Notice (FSN)
- Identify all patients implanted with the affected devices listed below.
- Schedule a follow-up of pacemaker-dependent patients as soon as possible, within 6 weeks, with priority to those with pacemakers connected to competitors’ pacing leads (see Problem/background). This should include reassessment of patients whose current degree of pacemaker-dependency is uncertain. Turn off the minute ventilation (MV) sensor for all pacemaker-dependent patients.
- Evaluate the risks of pacing inhibition against the benefits of MV based rate adaptive pacing (and other MV based diagnostic functions) within 6 months for patients not considered to be pacemaker-dependent. Prioritise those with pacemakers connected to competitors’ pacing leads (see Problem/background).
- Consider the following for patients left with the MV sensor “ON”:
* monitoring for signs of MV oversensing, such as transient, abrupt changes or out-of-range RA/RV pacing impedance measurements, or MV sensor signal artefacts on ECGs.
* increasing the frequency of patient follow-ups to assess for future pacemaker dependency.
- Adopt increased vigilance and report any suspected incidents to the MHRA and Boston Scientific
All cardiologists and cardiac physiologists who manage patients implanted with pacemakers and CRT-P.
Deadlines for actions
Actions underway: 19 January 2018
Actions complete: 12 July 2018
||L300, L301, L310, L311, L321, L331
||L100, L101, L110, L111, L121, L131
||U225, U226, U228
||L200, L201, L209, L210, L211, L221, L231
|ALTRUA™ 2 Pacemakers
||S701, S702, S722
In addition to the FSN which details affected product, please refer to the Excel spreadsheet below which accompanies this MDA for additional unique device identification information.
Problem / background
Boston Scientific issued an FSN on the 19 December 2017, following reports of pacing inhibition due to oversensing of the MV sensor signal. Note that the nominal setting for MV sensor in affected Boston Scientific pacemakers is “Passive”, which presents the same patient risk of oversensing as when it is reprogrammed to “ON”.
There are approximately 32,500 affected patients at 308 centres in the UK. To date there have been 184 reported oversensing events worldwide (22 in the UK) representing 0.05% of sales of these device models. These include 31 known incidents of serious injury or death (8 in the UK) including patient dizziness, syncope or falls. The true prevalence of the MV oversensing is, however, unknown as it can go undetected if the patient remains asymptomatic.
Intermittency related to the lead or pacemaker-lead connection can lead to transient high impedance conditions, which can alter the MV sensor signal which can become visible on an electrogram and potentially cause oversensing on the right atrial or right ventricular channels. Further information is provided in the FSN.
Based upon data from reported events, and testing of competitors’ leads, Boston Scientific has indicated that the issue tends to be more prevalent in leads with greater terminal ring motion within the pacemaker header such as Medtronic or Abbott leads. Boston Scientific has also indicated that over 60% of MV oversensing reports have involved their devices connected to Medtronic or Abbott leads, despite only around 12% of the affected models being implanted with these competitors leads (based on US data).
A software fix mitigating the risk of MV oversensing is currently being developed by the manufacturer and is planned to be released by October 2018. In the meantime, an accelerometer based rate response function can be programmed for these pacemakers where deemed clinically necessary. Further information is available from Boston Scientific.
Note that some patients affected by this MV field action may also be affected by a second FSN issued simultaneously by Boston Scientific on left ventricular offset interaction, which provides separate patient management recommendations not covered by this MHRA alert.
Tel: +32 2 416 7222
Your local Boston Scientific representative or
Tel: +44 (0)1442 411 731
If you are responsible for cascading these alerts in your organisation, these are our suggested distribution lists.
Trusts (NHS boards in Scotland)
CAS and NICAS liaison officers for onward distribution to all relevant staff including:
- A&E consultants
- A&E departments
- A&E directors
- A&E nurses
- Cardiac laboratory technicians
- Cardiac pacing technicians
- Cardiology departments
- Cardiology nurses
- Cardiology, directors of
- Cardiothoracic departments
- Cardiothoracic surgeons
- Cardiothoracic surgery directors
- Clinical governance leads
- Coronary care departments
- Coronary care nurses
- EBME departments
- Medical directors
- Medical libraries
- Radiology departments
- Risk managers
NHS England area teams
CAS liaison officers for onward distribution to all relevant staff including:
- General practitioners
- General practice managers
- General practice nurses
Establishments registered with the Care Quality Commission (CQC) (England only)
- Care homes providing nursing care (adults)
- Care homes providing personal care (adults)
- Domiciliary care providers
- Further education colleges registered as care homes
- Hospitals in the independent sector
- Independent treatment centres
- Nursing agencies
- Private medical practitioners
Please note: CQC and OFSTED do not distribute these alerts. Independent healthcare providers and social care providers can sign up to receive MDAs directly from the Department of Health’s Central Alerting System (CAS) by sending an email to: firstname.lastname@example.org and requesting this facility.
Send enquiries about this notice to MHRA, quoting reference number MDA/2018/001 or 2017/012/019/291/016.
Jillan Hussein, MHRA
Tel: 020 3080 7148
Simon Holmes, MHRA
Tel: 020 3080 7240
Devices Clinical Team, MHRA
Tel: 020 3080 7274
Reporting adverse incidents in England
Through Yellow Card
Alerts in Northern Ireland are distributed via the NI SABS system.
Enquiries and adverse incident reports in Northern Ireland should be addressed to:
Northern Ireland Adverse Incident Centre, CMO Group,
Department of Health, Social Services and Public Safety
Tel: 028 9052 3868
Northern Ireland Adverse Incident Centre (NIAIC)
Please report directly to NIAIC using the forms on our website.
Enquiries and adverse incident reports in Scotland should be addressed to:
Incident Reporting and Investigation Centre,
Health Facilities Scotland,
NHS National Services Scotland
Tel: 0131 275 7575
Reporting adverse incidents in Scotland
NHS Boards and Local Authorities in Scotland – report to Health Facilities Scotland.
Contractors such as private hospitals carrying out NHS work and private care homes that accept social work funded clients – report to Health Facilities Scotland.
Private facilities providing care to private clients report to the Care Inspectorate and MHRA.
Enquiries in Wales should be addressed to:
Healthcare Quality Division,
Tel: 02920 823 624 / 02920 825 510
Reporting adverse incidents in Wales
Report to MHRA through Yellow Card and follow specific advice for reporting in Wales in MDA/2004/054 (Wales).