The main aim of this situation assessment was for partners within the Evidence for Action consortium to understand better what is going on with respect to HIV care in the countries and settings where consortium members work. It comprises three parts: a national level overview of issues relevant to HIV programmes in the countries (outside the UK) represented within the consortium; and data concerning HIV care at both district and facility level. The data were provided by consortium partners based on their own experience and using data reported by staff in the field; there may be some variability in accuracy. The data are not intended to be representative, as that is beyond the scope of this exercise. The report is intended to illustrate HIV care in the different settings linked by the consortium.