This systematic review aims to:
- synthesize the empirical evidence on the innovation-employment relationship with a view to support evidence-based policy making;
- identify the strengths and shortcomings of the existing work on LICs;
- point out potential avenues for further analytical and empirical research.
In doing this, special attention will be paid to the synthesis of the evidence on the innovation-employment relationship in the context of low-income countries. Work on lower middle income countries (LMICs) that were low-income countries in the past will also be synthesized. The proposed review will used a mixed method including the following:
1. Providing a narrative synthesis of the theoretical/analytical explanations of the innovation-employment relationship;
2. Conducting a meta-analysis of the evidence from all empirical studies to be selected in accordance with pre-specified inclusion/exclusion criteria;
3. Clustering (nesting) the empirical studies on the basis of common characteristics such as innovation and employment measures and estimation methods used;
4. Comparing and conducting sensitivity analysis of the findings in (2) and (3) by controlling for estimation methods, publication type, and country groups; and
5. Mapping the meta-analysis of empirical evidence with the narrative synthesis of the theoretical/analytical studies, with a view to provide a better evidence base for policy making and further research.
University of Greenwich Business School, London, UK, 53 pp.
Protocol - What is the impact of higher rates of innovation (measured by faster TFP growth, product innovation, process innovation, and imports of technology) on employment in LICs? How does this vary by gender?