You can appeal against your conviction, sentence or both. It doesn’t matter if you pleaded guilty or not guilty.
Ask for permission to appeal
You must first apply for permission to appeal. A judge will look at your application and decide whether to give you permission.
Talk to your legal representative (if you have one) or get help from a legal adviser before you apply.
Send a notice and grounds (NG) form to the Crown Court where you were convicted or sentenced.
If you’re in prison, you might have to give it to the prison officer instead.
You must apply within 28 days of either:
- the date you were convicted (even if you were sentenced at a later date) if you’re appealing against your conviction
- the date you were sentenced if you’re appealing against your sentence
You might be able to ask for an extension if there’s a good reason why you couldn’t send your application in on time. The form tells you how to do this.
Read the guidance for more information about the appeal process.
If you get permission to appeal
Your appeal will be heard by the Court of Appeal Criminal Division.
You’ll get a letter before the hearing to let you know when and where it’ll take place.
Your legal representative (for example, your barrister) will present your case to the judges.
If you’re appealing a conviction, representatives from the prosecution will present the case against you. This won’t always happen if you appeal against a sentence.
If you don’t get permission to appeal
You’ll get a letter to let you know you haven’t been given permission. It’ll explain how the judge made their decision.
You have the right to renew your application and ask a ‘full court’ of 2 or 3 judges to give you permission. The letter will tell you how to do this.
If you win your appeal
Your conviction may be overturned or your sentence may be reduced (or both).
If you lose your appeal
Your original sentence or conviction won’t change but you might have to:
- restart your sentence from the beginning
- pay the court costs
Contact the Criminal Cases Review Commission (CCRC) if you think there’s been a ‘miscarriage of justice’, for example evidence wasn’t presented.
Stopping your appeal
You can apply to stop your appeal at any time.
To do this, you must download and fill in a ‘notice of abandonment of appeal’ form.
Send your completed form to the Criminal Appeal Office.
Customer Service Officer
Criminal Appeal Office
Royal Courts of Justice
Restarting your appeal
To restart your appeal later, write to the Criminal Appeal Office. Explain why you stopped your appeal and want to start it again.