You pleaded guilty
You can appeal against your sentence. You may also be able to appeal against your conviction.
You pleaded not guilty
You can appeal against your conviction or your sentence, or both.
You can normally only appeal if:
- something went ‘wrong’ at the trial - eg if an important court procedure wasn’t followed properly
- there’s new evidence - like a witness who wasn’t at the original trial (this is for appeals against a conviction only)
You may want to get legal advice when appealing a Crown Court verdict.
The appeal process
You need to apply to the Criminal Appeal Office to get permission to appeal. They will put your application before a judge.
You should complete Form NG (Notice and Grounds). It comes with guidance notes.
Deadline for your appeal
For a conviction, you must appeal within 28 days of the date of your conviction - even if you were sentenced at a later date.
If you only want to appeal against your sentence, the 28-day period starts from the date you were sentenced.
If you get permission to appeal
If permission is granted, your appeal will be heard by the Court of Appeal.
A few weeks before the hearing you’ll get a letter telling you where and when it is.
If you don’t get permission to appeal
You’ll get a letter to say that you haven’t been granted permission to appeal.
You have the right to renew your application and ask a ‘full court’ of 2 or 3 judges to give you permission. The letter tells you how to do this.
If you’re not given permission to appeal by the full court, you can contact the Criminal Cases Review Commission.
The appeal decision
If you win your appeal, your conviction and sentence will no longer stand, and you may be able to get compensation.
If you lose your appeal, your original conviction will stay the same. You won’t be able to appeal again unless the Criminal Cases Review Commission refers your case back to the Court of Appeal.
Stopping your appeal
You can stop your appeal at any time - download and use the form below.