If you want to run a zoo apply to the council where the whole or majority of the zoo will be located.
You’ll need a zoo licence if you’ll be displaying wild animals to the public for at least 7 days a year, in any place that’s not a circus or pet shop.
To get a licence your zoo must:
- help educate people about biodiversity
- be suitable for the types of animals you’re keeping
- have a high standard of animal care
- do as much as possible to stop any animals escaping
- stop pests and vermin getting into the zoo
You must also do at least 1 of the following:
- conservation research or training
- sharing conservation information
- captive animal breeding
- helping repopulate or reintroduce species into the wild
Before you can get a licence you’ll need to tell your local council how you’ll do this.
You must make sure the zoo wouldn’t affect:
- the health and safety of local people
- local law and order
- the animals’ well-being
You may not get a licence if anyone working in or managing the zoo has committed an animal welfare offence.
How to apply
Write to your council at least 2 months notice before applying.
You must give details about:
- where the zoo will be
- what kind of animals you’re going to keep and how many
- how you’ll house and care for the animals
- staff numbers and what they’ll be doing
- expected visitor and vehicle numbers
- zoo entrance and exit points
- how you’ll meet the conservation conditions
You must also:
- publish notice that you’re intending to apply in at least 1 local and 1 national newspaper
- display the notice at the planned zoo site
- send a copy to the council
Before you get your licence your premises will be inspected. You may have to pay a fee for this.
You’ll get at least 28 days’ notice before the inspection.
After the inspection the council might attach conditions to your licence, eg that you’ll need to get insurance for any damage caused by the animals.
If you get a licence you’ll be inspected regularly to make sure you’re following these conditions.
You must keep records on animal health, numbers and species, acquisitions, births, deaths (with causes), disposals and escapes.
Renewing your licence
Your licence will need to be renewed after 4 years. You might have to follow the same process you used to get the original licence.
If you get your licence renewed it’ll then last for 6 years. You’ll need to apply to renew it again 6 months before it expires.
Transferring your licence
If you want to transfer your licence to someone the local authority will have to approve it first.
Displaying your licence
You must display your licence or a copy of it at each entrance to the zoo.
Fines and penalties
You could get a fine of up to £2,500 if you run a zoo without a licence or don’t follow the conditions of a licence.
You could also get a fine of up to £1,000 if you:
- stop a zoo inspector doing their job properly
- don’t display your zoo licence properly