Share Loss Relief: definitions: introduction
Share Loss Relief allows capital losses which arise in respect of shares to be set against a person’s income providing certain conditions are met. Without the provisions which are now at ITA07/PT4/CHP6 and CTA10/PT4/CHP5 allowable losses computed under TCGA 1992 could only be relieved by setting them against chargeable gains on other assets. Relief against income may be more valuable to the investor than relief against capital gains, and the purpose of Share Loss Relief is to encourage entrepreneurs to invest in unquoted trading companies.
In earlier versions of this manual Share Loss Relief was called ‘VC Loss Relief’.
Share Loss Relief is available both to individuals (who pay income tax) and to companies (which generally pay corporation tax), although only investment companies are eligible to claim it.
The conditions which must be met for Share Loss Relief to be available have evolved over time, and the relevant statute was in ICTA 1988 until the Tax Law Rewrite Project.
The Share Loss Relief legislation uses several specific terms which are defined for its own purposes. It also adopts, with or without modification, certain terms and their definitions from TCGA 1992. This part of the guidance brings together the principal terms and their definitions.
ITA07/S151 provides a number of definitions for the purposes of relief to individuals in respect of non-EIS shares. These definitions apply in relation to the disposal of shares after 5 April 2007. The equivalent definitions in relation to disposals before 6 April 2007 are in ICTA88/S576(5).
CTA10/S90(1) provides a similar range of definitions for Share Loss Relief claimed by companies. These definitions apply for accounting periods ending on or after 1 April 2010. For accounting periods ending after 5 April 2007 but before 1 April 2010, the corresponding provisions were at ICTA88/S576L.
ITA07/S189 to S199 provide definitions for the purpose of EIS and the Share Loss Relief provisions adopt some of those definitions.
TCGA92/S288 provides definitions of many terms used in that Act.
|### Term||### See|
|Corresponding bonus shares||VCM71020|
|Enterprise Investment Scheme (EIS) relief||VCM71020|
|Qualifying trading company||VCM71020|
|Registered industrial and provident society||VCM71020|
|Research and development||VCM71020|
|Seed Enterprise Investment Scheme (SEIS) relief||VCM71040|
|Year of the loss||VCM71040|