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HMRC internal manual

VAT Supply and Consideration

Consideration: payments that are not consideration: carbon offsetting: introduction

As a result of the Kyoto Protocol and growing public awareness of climate change, carbon offsetting has emerged as an indirect way for business and individuals to reduce their carbon emissions. Carbon offsetting involves the purchase and removal from circulation (‘retiring’) of the various carbon credits that currently exist.

The carbon market is split into

  • the compliance market (see VATSC64220), under the Kyoto Protocol and the EU Emissions Trading System (EUETS), and
  • the voluntary non-compliance market (see VATSC64230).