Specific circumstances: Bad debt relief
Bad debt relief may be claimed in respect of supplies made under margin schemes, subject to a maximum of the VAT on the margin. If the debt is equal to or less than the profit margin, bad debt relief may be claimed on the VAT fraction of the debt.
But if the debt is greater than the profit margin, bad debt relief is limited to the VAT fraction of the profit margin - since this is the amount of VAT that the supplier has paid to Customs.
|Goods purchased for||£400|
|Goods sold for||£500|
|Margin on which VAT is paid to HMRC is||£100|
|So potential bad debt relief is||VAT fraction of £100 (margin)|
|But if customer pays||£450|
|Debt is||£50, which is less than the margin, so|
|Potential bad debt relief is||VAT fraction of £50 (debt)|
The conditions set out in Notice 700/18Relief from VAT on bad debts must be met.