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HMRC internal manual

VAT Government and Public Bodies

HM Revenue & Customs
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Other local authority activities: childcare and welfare: VAT status of childcare services (M to R)

Service Statute Duty of Local Authority VAT status
Maintenance of children on remand Children Act 1989 section 21 ‘Shall’ provide accommodation for children in police protection, detention or on remand. Non-business.
  National Assistance Act 1948 section 21 To provide residential accommodation for persons in need of care and attention which is not otherwise available to them. Non-business.
  Children (Scotland) Act 1995 sections 52 to 72 To provide measures of supervision where a child has committed an offence (as well as a number of other relevant circumstances). Non-business.
  National Assistance Act 1948 section 22 Can seek parental contribution towards cost. Non-business.
Provision of temporary board and lodgings to prospective adoptive parents and children Adoption Act 1976 section 1(2)(a)Adoption Act (Scotland) 1978 section 1(2)(a) To provide. Non-business.
Registration of children’s homes Children’s Act 1989 section 63 and Schedule 6Social Work (Scotland) Act 1968 section 62 Appears to be a duty to register. Non-business.
Residential (children and young people provision of accommodation and maintenance of children taken into care by a care order) Children Act 1989 section 20 (onwards) To provide accommodation for any child in need in their areas where nobody else has, or is able to assume, that responsibility. Non-business.
  Children Act 1989 section 23 To provide accommodation to children in care. Non-business.
  Children (Scotland) Act 1995 section 25 General accommodation provision. Non-business.
  Children (Scotland) Act 1995 sections 71 and 72 To provide accommodation when a child is subject to a supervision hearing and the supervision being provided by other sources is insufficient. Non-business.
  Children’s Act 1989, Schedule 2, part III To require parents or guardians to contribute to care in England and Wales. Non-business.
  Social Work (Scotland) Act 1968 section 78 To require parents or guardians to contribute to care in Scotland. Non-business.