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HMRC internal manual

VAT Flat Rate Scheme

Anti-Avoidance Rules: What is the definition of an associated business?

Regulation 55A(2) of VAT Regulations 1995 excludes any business that is associated with another person, whether or not that person is a corporate body or a natural person and irrespective of the taxable status of the person.

The regulation defines association as any case where:

  • the business of one is under the dominant influence of the other or
  • the persons are closely bound to one another by financial, economic and organisational links.

FRS6300 explains how ‘dominant influence’ and ‘organisational links’ are to be interpreted.