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HMRC internal manual

VAT Assessments and Error Correction

Recovery assessments: Section 80B(1B) Example 1

In this example there has been Section 80 claim where unjust enrichment was applicable.

The business entered into the reimbursement arrangements but has failed to reimburse their customers. Business had a £10,000 outstanding VAT debt on file.

Output tax over-accounted for £10,000
Input tax credit wrongly claimed £0,000
Net over-accounting £10,000
Outstanding VAT debt £10,000
Total credit (£10,000)

In the above example £10,000 has been credited to the business’s VAT mainframe account. This amount was offset against their £10,000 debt leaving a nil net amount payable to the business, although effectively they will have received a £10,000 credit to their VAT account.

The business derived this benefit only on condition that their customers were to be reimbursed by the amount of £10,000.

If the business then fails to reimburse any part of this credited amount to their customers we must recover it from the business. If we do not do this then the business will have been unjustly enriched.

Therefore an assessment for £10,000 is made and notified to the business under the provisions of Section 80B(1B) to recover the amount of £10,000 credited to the business’s VAT account.

The processing and notification procedures for Section 80B assessments are outlined at VAEC5120.