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HMRC internal manual

Trusts, Settlements and Estates Manual

HM Revenue & Customs
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Legal background to trusts & estates: the law in England & Wales - personalty (personal property)

Personal property is owned, and consists of chattels real and chattels personal. There are details at TSEM6015.

If a person claims he has been deprived of personal property, the defendant can either

  • return the property; or
  • pay damages.

The plaintiff has no automatic right to the return of the thing (res).

The action is against the particular person who allegedly wronged the plaintiff. This is a right ‘in personam’ as opposed to a right ‘in rem’.