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HMRC internal manual

Tax Compliance Risk Management

The Business Risk Review (BRR+): Business Risk Review (BRR+) Assessment indicators: Risk Assessing Across Taxes: Internal Governance

Internal Governance is about assessing the customers’ management accountabilities and processes for managing tax risk as well as their openness and co-operation with HMRC. The CCM and Tax Specialists should also consider the wider structure the customer operates within including, where relevant, how joined up it is with regard to its tax obligations.

Additional Information on Low Risk Indicators

Low Risk Indicator 3 - Group structure charts are held by multinational groups for their own internal governance procedures and the provision of these structures to HMRC supports an open and collaborative relationship. Where the UK is a sub-group of the wider multinational group and is therefore not in possession of a worldwide group structure, if the UK group is able to supply alternative information to assist our understanding of to how they have self-assessed the applicability of various international tax issues then we would take this into account when reviewing the risk rating of the group. If a particular UK entity does not hold the complete worldwide group structure, HMRC expects the UK entity to be able to provide a group structure or other information covering the following:

  • All UK corporates/entities including partnerships, joint ventures and branches
  • Details of all subsidiaries of UK entities, including those where UK has a minority interest
  • How the UK group fits into the ultimate parent company or a diagram showing ownership of UK companies by ultimate parent including all entities in the ownership chain and any overseas holdings structures to the UK sub-group
  • Any overseas entities that the UK group transacts with/deals with and how they fit into the worldwide structure – for example if a UK Company is dealing with a Luxembourg entity, how that Luxembourg entity fits into the group
  • Any overseas entities that are involved in a supply chain with a UK entity
  • Any other entities which entered into transactions that had an impact on UK tax and profits

Low Risk Indicator 4 - Under internal governance customers are required to have fulfilled their filing obligations such as Senior Accounting Officer Legislation, Country by Country Reporting, Tax Strategy Publication and Automatic Exchange of Information. Not all Multinational Enterprises (MNEs) will be required to file each of these, please check the qualifying criteria using the relevant guidance. It is the responsibility of the CCM to confirm that the correct filing obligations have been met with the support of the individual Tax Specialists.

Low Risk Indicator 5 -  HMRC cannot and will not give sign-off on ‘reasonable procedures’.  Where a customer fails to meet the Corporate Criminal Offence Legislation indicator it will be regarded as High Risk in respect of Internal Governance.

The Internal Governance risk indicators are contained within the below document along with expectations as to when a customer would be Low Risk, Moderate Risk, Moderate - High Risk and High Risk.

Internal Governance Risk Indicators