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HMRC internal manual

Strategic Goods and Services - BIS Export Licensing and Sanctions - General

Issuing and presentation of licences: EU General Export Authorisations (GEA)

European Union General Export Authorisations (EU GEAs) are the European equivalent of the national system of Open General Licences (OGLs) issued under UK export control law and are designed to licence dual-use exports. GEAs permit the export of certain specified dual-use Items to certain specified non-EU destinations. For exports under the GEAs Box 44 of the SAD should be completed using the relevant document code.

As with OGLs, EU GEAs are legal documents. In order to legally use the authorisations, UK exporters need to ensure that they meet all the licensing terms and conditions including registering before use with the ECO.

Council Reg (428/2009)

Dual use items (including software and technology) should be subject to effective control when they are exported from the EC. 

An effective common system of export controls on dual use items is necessary to ensure that the international commitments and responsibilities of Member States especially regarding non-proliferation and of the EU are complied with.