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HMRC internal manual

Specialist Investigations Operational Guidance

From
HM Revenue & Customs
Updated
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Case identification: surveillance: definitions

Any form of covert surveillance of an individual’s private life could potentially be in breach of Article 8 (The Right to Privacy) of the Human Rights Act. Surveillance is ‘covert’ if it is carried out in a manner calculated to ensure that the persons subject to the surveillance are unaware that it is or may be taking place.

For the purposes of applying the RIPA surveillance activities are divided into two categories:

  • Directed surveillance, and
  • Intrusive surveillance

(This content has been withheld because of exemptions in the Freedom of Information Act 2000)

Intrusive surveillance involves the covert presence of a person or the use of a covert surveillance device in a private residence or vehicle. For example, entering premises or using a telephone bug or long distance listening device.

(This content has been withheld because of exemptions in the Freedom of Information Act 2000)