Dividends and other company distributions: UK Real Estate Investment Trusts: property income distributions
Property income distributions (PIDS)
CTA10/S548 provides that (in general) distributions from the tax-exempt profits of a UK-REIT are treated as profits of a UK property business chargeable (in the case of a shareholder chargeable to income tax) under ITTOIA05/PART3. For the taxation of a shareholder chargeable to corporation tax, see GREIT08525 (SAIM20000).
Tax years up to 2015-16: PIDs did not carry a tax credit
For tax years up to 2015-16, generally where a person received a distribution from a company resident in the UK, a one-ninth tax credit was attached to the distribution. This tax credit could be used by a shareholder not chargeable to corporation tax to offset their income tax liability. This kind of dividend tax credit did not attach to a distribution paid by a UK-REIT out of its tax-exempt profits.
PIDs are separate from other property income
A UK-REIT distribution is treated as profits of a business separate from any other UK property business that the shareholder may have. Receipts of distributions from different UK-REITs are treated as receipts of the same business. This means that losses on other rental business of a shareholder can not be set-off against distributions from a UK-REIT.
This treatment of the UK-REIT distributions as deriving from a separate business is extended to the share of the distribution received by a partner in a partnership which is a shareholder in a UK-REIT.
The tax treatment as property income will continue to apply after the company has left the regime in respect of distributions deriving from profits that were tax-exempt within the regime.
Distributions of profits derived from capital gains that fall to be treated as tax-exempt will also be PIDs, paid under deduction of tax (other than for gross payment cases - see GREIT08025).
Dividend vouchers provided to shareholders by a UK-REIT (and by a former UK-REIT) will make clear the amount of the distribution that is treated as a PID and the amount of tax that has been deducted from it on payment.
Certain PIDs are treated as trade receipts
The UK-REIT distribution is not treated as property income in cases where a shareholder would normally be taxable on distributions as trading receipts. This affects financial traders and members of Lloyd’s. In such cases it remains taxable as a trade receipt.