Residence: Liability to UK Tax: Scope of liability to income tax on investment income
Table 4 - How Investment Income is taxed in the UK
|Your UK domicile status||Your UK residence status||Arising Basis (AB) Or Remittance Basis (RB) claimed||Investment Income From a UK Source||Investment Income From a non UK source *||UK Government ‘FOTRA’ securities|
|Domiciled within UK||1. Resident and Ordinarily Resident||AB||Liable||Liable||N/A|
|Domiciled within UK||2. Resident and Not Ordinarily Resident||2(a) AB||Liable||Liable||Not Liable|
|Domiciled within UK||2. Resident and Not Ordinarily Resident||2(b) RB||Liable||Liable on remittance||Not Liable|
|Domiciled within UK||3. Not Resident||AB||Liable||Not Liable||Not Liable|
|Domiciled outside UK||4. Resident and Ordinarily Resident||4(a) AB||Liable||Liable||N/A|
|Domiciled outside UK||4. Resident and Ordinarily Resident||4(b) RB||Liable||Liable on remittance||Liable|
|Domiciled outside UK||5. Resident and Not Ordinarily Resident||5(a) AB||Liable||Liable||Not Liable|
|Domiciled outside UK||5. Resident and Not Ordinarily Resident||5(b) RB||Liable||Liable on remittance||Not Liable|
|Domiciled outside UK||6. Not Resident||AB||Liable||Not Liable||Not Liable|
Note: Use of this table is subject to any different treatment provided for under the terms of the relevant article in a Double Taxation Agreement.
*Certain types of investment income from a non-UK source are also known as ‘relevant foreign income’.
Resident: Unless the individual is able to use the remittance basis, when they are resident in the UK they are liable to UK tax on the arising basis (AB) of taxation. This means that they are liable to UK tax on all of their investment income, wherever it arises.
Most banks, building societies and other deposit takers in the UK deduct UK tax from interest they pay or credit to an individual’s account.
If an individual is resident but not ordinarily resident in the UK they might be able to arrange to have their interest paid without UK tax being deducted and they might not be liable to UK tax on UK Government ‘FOTRA’ securities (Free of Tax to Residents Abroad).
If an individual uses the remittance basis (RB) they are liable to UK tax on all of your investment income from UK sources but any foreign investment income will only be taxed in the UK if it is remitted here.
Not Resident Although an individual is not resident in the UK they will still be liable to pay UK tax on investment income from UK sources, although there is a restriction on their tax liability for investment income. This restriction is not available for any tax year in which split-year treatment applies. An individual might also be able to receive tax relief under the terms of a double taxation agreement, if one applies.
An individual will not be liable to pay UK tax on any investment income from sources outside the UK.