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Pensions Tax Manual

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Information and administration: requirement to provide a BCE statement to the member

Glossary PTM000001
   

 

Regulation 14 The Registered Pension Schemes (Provision of Information) Regulations 2006 - SI 2006/567

 

Whenever a benefit crystallisation event (BCE) occurs the member must be given a statement telling them how much lifetime allowance has been used up by the BCE. This information will enable the member to:

  • work out if they have any lifetime allowance available at subsequent BCEs, and
  • correctly complete any tax return.

The requirement to provide this BCE statement will fall either on the scheme administrator or an insurance company. PTM164500 provides guidance as to when an insurance company has to provide a BCE statement.

When the scheme administrator has to provide a BCE statement 
When the scheme administrator doesn’t have to provide an annual BCE statement 
What should be included in the BCE statement 
How to calculate the percentage of standard lifetime allowance used up 
Substitute P60s 
Penalties

When the scheme administrator has to provide a BCE statement

The scheme administrator must give a BCE statement to the member (or if the member has died to their personal representatives)

The scheme administrator must give the member a BCE statement:

  • at least once every tax year if the member is receiving a pension from the scheme (this includes the member having designated funds to provide drawdown pension), or
  • where the scheme administrator isn’t required to provide an annual BCE statement for the tax year, within three months of a BCE that has occurred under the scheme in respect of the member. This doesn’t include cover a statement in respect of a BCE 5C or BCE 7 as the scheme administrator is required to notify the member personal representatives of this under provision - see PTM165100.

If the first BCE in respect of the member triggers a ‘deemed BCE’ under Article 28 of The Taxation of Pension Schemes (Transitional Provisions) Order 2006 - SI 2006/572 (see PTM063250), a reporting requirement arises in respect of that ‘deemed BCE’. The scheme administrator for the scheme in which the ‘deemed BCE’ occurs must provide a statement to the member in respect of the ‘deemed BCE’, within 3 months of the actual BCE which triggered it.

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When the scheme administrator doesn’t have to provide an annual BCE statement

The scheme administrator doesn’t need to provide an annual BCE statement tin the following circumstances:

  • if an insurance company is required to provide the BCE statement - see PTM164500;
  • in any tax year following the tax year in which the member reaches age 75. So if the member is 75 in 2014-15 no annual BCE statement is required for 2015-16 and subsequent tax years. A BCE statement will still need to be provided in respect of any BCE 3 that occurs;
  • if the only pension ‘payable’ under the scheme was flexi-access drawdown (or before 6 April 2015 flexible drawdown) in any tax year following the tax year in which the member exhausted their drawdown fund. For example if the member’s only pension under the scheme was flexible drawdown and they exhausted the flexible drawdown pension fund in 2014-15 no annual BCE statement is needed from 2015-16 onwards;
  • in respect of a pension to which the member had an actual entitlement before 6 April 2006 (see PTM088200 for the meaning of becoming entitled to a pension).

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What should be included in the BCE statement

The BCE statement must show the percentage of the standard lifetime allowance used up by:

  • any BCEs under the scheme in respect of the member to the extent that sums and assets representing those benefits have not been transferred to another registered pension scheme, and
  • where the scheme has received a transfer of crystallised rights the BCEs that occurred in respect of those transferred in rights.

A pension commencement lump sum (PCLS) can be paid up to 12 months after the date of the BCE 6 for the lump sum. The BCE 6 for a PCLS occurs when entitlement to the connected pension arises and the amount of the BCE is the amount of PCLS actually paid.

If the PCLS hasn’t been paid by the time the BCE statement need to be given to the member the scheme administrator may not know the value of the BCE 6 for the PCLS. The scheme administrator should know the approximate amount that is planned to be paid by the scheme and they should use this amount when preparing the BCE statement. If the final amount of the PCLS is different from the amount used to prepare the BCE statement the scheme administrator should send an amended BCE statement to the member.

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How to calculate the percentage of standard lifetime allowance used up

Regulation 7 The Registered Pension Schemes (Provision of Information) Regulations 2006 - SI 2006/567

The percentage of standard lifetime allowance used up by of each benefit crystallisation event (BCE) is found using the following formula

AE / RSLA x 100 / 1

AE means the amount of lifetime allowance used up by the BCE. This is found by adding AC and SFTP.

AC = the amount crystallised by the BCE

SFTP = the amount covered by a scheme-funded tax payment (see PTM085000) in relation to that BCE

RSLA = the relevant standard lifetime allowance at the time of that event

The total percentage of standard lifetime allowance used up in relation to a member is the sum of all the percentages calculated using the formula above for each relevant benefit crystallisation event in respect of the member.

The percentage expressed on the statement should go to two decimal places (i.e. 25.55%). This should be a rounded down figure, so 25.558% becomes 25.55%.

Individuals with fixed protection, fixed protection 2014, fixed protection 2016, individual protection 2014 and individual protection 2016

These forms of lifetime allowance protection work by changing the standard lifetime allowance for the protected individual. When preparing BCE statements for such individuals you carry out the calculation in the same way as described above but in respect of a BCE that occurred whilst the individual had the protection you use the alternative figures shown below.

However if at the time of the BCE the normal standard lifetime allowance is more than the protected amounts shown below you use the normal standard lifetime allowance.

  • fixed protection - £1.8 million; for BCEs on or after 6 April 2012
  • fixed protection 2014 - £1.5 million; for BCEs on or after 6 April 2014
  • fixed protection 2016 - £1.25 million; for BCEs on or after 6 April 2016
  • individual protection 2014 - the relevant protected amount (see PTM094200); for BCEs on or after 6 April 2014
  • individual protection 20164 - the relevant protected amount (see PTM094210); for BCEs on or after 6 April 2016

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Substitute P60s

There’s no prescribed form for giving the annual BCE statement to the member. One option for providing the annual BCE statement to members is to include the figure on form P60 substitute issued annually to members receiving a pension. Form P60 substitutes must be agreed in advance by HMRC. Guidance on the specifications for P60 substitute forms and their approval is published on gov.uk (see https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/paye-draft-forms-summary-for-software-developers).

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Penalties

Where a scheme administrator does not provide the member with a BCE statement, or provides it late, the scheme administrator may be liable to a penalty - see PTM160800.

HMRC will not normally seek to raise a penalty where the scheme administrator has not been able to provide the statement to the member in the tax year in which the benefit crystallisation occurs as long as the member is provided with the statement within 3 months of the BCE.

Where a substitute p60 is used to provide an annual BCE statement as long as the P60 is provided by the deadline set by the PAYE rules HMRC will normally regard the P60 as delivering the annual statement in time for the tax to which the P60 relates.