Beta This part of GOV.UK is being rebuilt – find out what this means

HMRC internal manual

Pensions Tax Manual

From
HM Revenue & Customs
Updated
, see all updates

Unauthorised payments: the unauthorised payments charge and the unauthorised payments surcharge: surchargeable unauthorised member payments - valuing members rights in calculation the unauthorised payments percentage

Glossary PTM000001
   

Valuing crystallised member rights when calculating the unauthorised payments percentage
Valuing uncrystallised member rights
Valuing uncrystallised member rights in a cash balance arrangement
Valuing uncrystallised member rights in an other money purchase arrangement
Valuing uncrystallised member rights in a defined benefits arrangement
Valuing uncrystallised member rights in a hybrid arrangement

Valuing crystallised member rights when calculating the unauthorised payments percentage

Section 211 Finance Act 2004

The value of the member’s crystallised rights under an arrangement is the total of:

• The value of each scheme pension or lifetime annuity to which the member has an actual entitlement (rather than a prospective entitlement) under the arrangement on the date of valuation,

• The total amount of the sums and market value of assets representing the member’s drawdown pension fund (before 6 April 2011 unsecured pension fund or alternatively secured pension fund) on the valuation date, and

• The total amount of the sums and market value of assets representing the member’s flexi-access drawdown fund on the valuation date.

The scheme pension or lifetime annuity is valued using the formula

RVF x ARP

RVF = the relevant valuation factor. This will be 20 unless HMRC has agreed to the use of an alternative valuation factor greater than 20 in accordance with section 276 Finance Act 2004. (see PTM088200)

ARP = the annual rate of the scheme pension or lifetime annuity.

Top of page

Valuing uncrystallised member rights

Section 212 Finance Act 2004

Uncrystallised rights are rights to benefits that the member is not currently entitled to have in payment.

Uncrystallised rights do not include the sums and assets making up a drawdown pension fund (before 6 April 2011 an unsecured pension fund or an alternatively secured pension fund) or flexi-access drawdown fund. This is because, even if a member chooses not to draw benefits from those funds, the member still has the right to the actual payment of a drawdown pension (before 6 April 2011 an unsecured pension or alternatively secured pension).

How uncrystallised rights are valued depends on whether the form of the benefits being provided by an arrangement is:

  • a cash balance arrangement,
  • an other money purchase arrangement,
  • a defined benefit arrangement , or
  • a hybrid arrangement.

The following headings set out how uncrystallised member’s rights are valued for each type of arrangement.

Top of page

Valuing uncrystallised member rights in a cash balance arrangement

Section 212(4) Finance Act 2004

The value of a member’s uncrystallised rights under a cash balance arrangement is the amount that would be available for the provision of immediate benefit if the member was entitled to them on the valuation date, subject to two valuation assumptions.

The two valuation assumptions are that:

  • where the amount of the immediate benefit would be reduced because the member had not reached a specified age, the benefit should be calculated assuming the member has reached the specified age; and
  • the member is deemed to be in good physical and mental health.

Top of page

Valuing uncrystallised member rights in an other money purchase arrangement

Section 212(5) Finance Act 2004

For money purchase arrangements which are not cash balance arrangements, the value of the member’s uncrystallised rights on the valuation date is the total of:

  • the value of the cash held under the arrangement, and
  • the market value of the other assets held by the arrangement to provide the individual’s benefits.

Any loans or other indebtedness should be included in the calculation.

Top of page

Valuing uncrystallised member rights in a defined benefits arrangement

Section 212(6) Finance Act 2004

For defined benefit arrangements, the value of a member’s uncrystallised rights on the valuation date is represented by the formula

(RVF x ARP) + LS

RVF = the relevant valuation factor in accordance with section 276 Finance Act 2004. This will be 20 unless HMRC has agreed to the use of an alternative valuation factor greater than 20 (see PTM088620)

ARP = the annual rate of pension the member would be entitled to if they became entitled to the actual payment of benefits on the valuation date

LS = the amount of any separate lump sum, i.e. it is not provided by commutation, the member would be entitled to if the member had an actual right to the payment of the lump sum on the valuation date.

For both the annual rate of pension (ARP) and the amount of the lump sum (LS) it should be assumed

  • where the amount of the immediate benefit would be reduced because the member had not reached a specified age, the benefit should be calculated assuming the member has reached the specified age; and
  • the member is deemed to be in good physical and mental health.

Example

On 5 August Joan receives an unauthorised member payment from her defined benefits arrangement. She has received no other benefits and has no other arrangement under the registered pension scheme.

The value of Joan’s uncrystallised rights in the arrangement needs to be established to work out what percentage of the fund the unauthorised payment represents.

The arrangement provides Joan with benefits of 1/40th of pensionable earnings for each year in the scheme. No separate lump sum is provided.

On 5 August (the date of the unauthorised payment) Joan has pensionable earnings of £90,000 and has completed 20 years pensionable service.

This gives an annual pension of £45,000 (20/40 x £90,000).

The value of Joan’s uncrystallised rights using the (RVF x ARP) + LS formula is £900,000.

(20 x £45,000) + £0 = £900,000

Top of page

Valuing uncrystallised member rights in a hybrid arrangement

Section 212(7) Finance Act 2004

In hybrid arrangements, a member’s uncrystallised pension rights are valued on the basis of whichever rights have the highest or higher value.

Example

Paul has rights in an arrangement to take benefits from his fund on a money purchase basis, or take benefits at 1/100th of pensionable earnings for each year of service. The fund and the defined benefit right would both be valued on the valuation date and the higher value would apply for the calculation of the unauthorised payments percentage.