PAYE operation: aspects of PAYE operation - employer: tax tables
Tax Tables are available in more than one format so employers can
- Access them from the Basic PAYE Tools
- Access them from the HMRC Website
- Order them from the Employer Orderline
There are separate tax table pages for
- United Kingdom (England, Wales and Northern Ireland) taxpayers; and
- Scottish taxpayers
Further information about the Scottish rate of income tax is given at PAYE100035
An employer will usually need
- Tables A - Pay Adjustment Tables which are used for both UK and Scottish taxpayers
- Tables B to D - UK or Scottish taxpayers
- Calculator Tables
Tables A - Pay Adjustment Tables
These tables show the weekly and monthly pay adjustment figures. They give you the correct figure of
- Free pay, where the code is a suffix code (including suffix codes that have an S prefix)
- Additional pay, where the code is a K, SK code
Free pay is the total amount of pay an employee is allowed to receive free of tax up to (and including) the latest pay day. It is a proportion of the employee’s maximum tax allowance which is reflected in the code.
For example, the free pay for Week 1 is 1/52 of the maximum allowance of the code. Free pay for Week 2 is 2/52 and so on. Similarly, free pay for Month 1 is 1/12, Month 2 is 2/12 and so on.
Additional pay is an amount added to an employee’s total pay to date on any pay day when a K or SK code is used. A ‘K’ or’SK’ code is used to collect extra tax due from employees who have untaxed income (such as taxable benefits) which are not fully covered by allowances.
To use Tables A you simply
- Turn to the page corresponding to the appropriate week or month
- Find the code
- Read the pay adjustment figure
Tables A - codes of 501 or more
Tables A do not show pay adjustments for codes over 500. However the correct figure can be calculated by following the instructions given in the tables
- For codes between 501 and 1000 the instructions are given on each page of the tables themselves
- For codes over 1000 the instructions are given separately at the beginning of the tables
Tables B to D - Taxable Pay Tables
These tables are used to work out tax due on an employee’s taxable pay on any given pay day. Taxable pay for a
- Suffix code is total pay to date less the free pay to date
- K or SK code is total pay to date plus the additional pay to date
The tables explain the full manual method of calculating PAYE tax deductions. Where the Scottish income tax rates apply it will include an S Prefix, examples, S1100L, SBR, S0T, SK.
These tables are a simpler alternative to Tables B to D, and explain how to calculate PAYE tax deductions using a calculator.