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HMRC internal manual

Oils Technical Manual

Introduction and overview of oils activity: excise duty on oils (Duty Liability): introduction

Excise duty on oils becomes due either when they are imported or when they are released to home use from a tax warehouse. Each oil product has an excise duty rate and an associated tax code.

Duty Structure

The excise duty on oils and their control beyond the duty point is largely determined by their intended use.

Duty paid
(Used as a Road, Boat or Air Fuel) Partially rebated
(Used as a Fuel Off-road or in ‘excepted’ vehicles) Fully rebated

(Used as Aviation Fuel or for Heating) | || | * Heavy oil (also known as diesel or DERV) * Bioblend of heavy oil and biodiesel * Light oil (also known as petrol) * Bioblend of light oil and bioethanol * Biodiesel * Bioethanol or Other Light Oil * Heavy Oil which is not ULSD or SFD (DERV) * Road Fuel Gas other than Natural Gas (LPG) * Natural Gas used as a Road Fuel * AVGAS * Additives used in Road Vehicles * Fuel Substitutes used in Road Vehicles * Heavy oil used for propulsion of private pleasure craft | * Marked Rebated Gas Oil (MGO) and ULSD * Marked Kerosene (MKO) used in stationary engines and ‘excepted’ vehicles (Duty paid at MGO rate) * Light Oil delivered for use as Furnace Fuel (LOFF) * Biodiesel (20p duty differential until 2009/10) * Bioethanol (20p duty differential until 2009/10) * Fuel Oil | * Marked Kerosene for Heating * AVTUR (unmarked) * Biofuel for heating |

Details of the excise duty rates, tax codes and rebates on mineral oils may be found in the Tariff, Volume 1, Section 12.

Current and historic rates of excise duty can be found on our online pages at at GOV.UK

The public can also obtain them from our enquiry line on 0300 200 3700.