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HMRC internal manual

National Minimum Wage Manual

HM Revenue & Customs
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Entitlement to National Minimum Wage: Resident workers in religious and other communities

Relevant legislation

The legislation that applies to this page is as follows:

  • National Minimum Wage Act 1998, section 44A


A residential member of a community does not qualify for the national minimum wage in respect of employment by the community, providing that:

  • the community is a charity or is established by a charity; and
  • a purpose of the community is to practice, or advance a belief of a religious or similar nature, and;
  • all or some of its members live together for that purpose, for example;
  1. there has to be a core group of people who live together in a physical place to form a community (such as a monastery or nunnery), and;
  2. to be a residential member, the person must be living with the core group identified at 1.

This does not apply to a community which is an independent school or which provides a course of further or higher education when entitlement to the national minimum wage applies in the normal way.