Special cases: Volunteer Development Workers: Certain volunteer development workers to be self-employed
Regulation 150 Social Security (Contributions) Regulations 2001
A volunteer development worker who is employed under a contract of service but
- no Class 1 NICs are payable on earnings under that contract; or
- from 6 April 2000, no Class 1 NICs are treated as paid on earnings under that contract by virtue of section 6A Social Security Contributions and Benefits Act 1992 (notional payment of primary Class 1 NICs where the amount of earnings equals or exceeds the relevant lower earnings limit but does not exceed the relevant primary earnings threshold; see NIM01007 for further details),
is regarded as a self-employed earner, even though they are not employed in GreatBritain or Northern Ireland.
As to the first bullet, the circumstances in which no Class 1 NICs are payable include
- the employer has a place of business in Great Britain or Northern Ireland but the amount of earnings is below the relevant lower earnings limit; or
- the employer has a place of business in Great Britain or Northern Ireland but the volunteer development worker has already paid Class 1 NICs for the first 52 weeks of their employment abroad (see NIM33026); or
- the employer has no place of business in Great Britain.
Where Class 1 NICs are payable, or treated as paid, it will usually be unnecessary fora volunteer development worker to pay also the special rate of Class 2 NIC for the sameperiod or year. This is because the amount of earnings on which the Class 1 NICs have beenpaid will usually be sufficient for the year to count for benefit and/or pension purposes.
But where the amount of those Class 1 earnings, either paid or treated as paid, is notenough to make the year a qualifying one, then a volunteer development worker might wantto pay the special rate of Class 2 NIC in order to make the year(s) qualifying.