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HMRC internal manual

National Insurance Manual

HM Revenue & Customs
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Special Cases: International going to or coming from abroad EEA Regulations 883/04 (After 1 May 2010): Employed or self-employed workers

Article 11(3)(a) of Regulation 883/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 on the coordination of social security systems

A person going abroad to work in an EC Member State will, unless subject to one of the exceptions in Article 12-16 be subject only to the legislation of that Member State and no longer insured in the United Kingdom.

Article 11(3)(a) states:

“A person pursuing an activity as an employed or self-employed person in a Member State shall be subject to the legislation of that Member State.

As a general rule this means that a person who is within the personal scope of Regulation 883/2004, and working as an employed earner, or a self-employed earner, in the United Kingdom, will be subject to the legislation of the United Kingdom unless they come within one of the exceptions in Article 12-16 of Regulation 883/2004

The rule is that you pay social security contributions in the country where you work even though you reside in another Member State.

Where Article 11(3)(a) applies in the United Kingdom see NIM02000 and NIM20000 

Similar residence rules do not apply

National insurance liability starts as soon as the person starts working in the United Kingdom