Special Cases: International: People going to or coming from abroad: Introduction: What is a Reciprocal Agreement?
A Reciprocal Agreement country is:
A country outside the EC with which the United Kingdom (UK) has a bi-lateral convention on Social Security matters.
The Social Security Conventions are more commonly referred to as Reciprocal Agreements -
There are two types of Social Security Conventions:
- A full Social Security Agreement which may include some benefit and health care provisions; or
- A Double Contributions Convention (DCC) - these relate to contribution matters only and have no benefit or health care provisions.
The countries with whom the UK has Double Contribution Conventions are:
- Republic of Korea
Reciprocal Agreements are made between two countries to:
Give equality of treatment to people who are insured in one country and live or work in another country; and
Ensure that a person is not liable to pay Social Security Contributions in both countries for the same period.
Each agreement is different
For a full list of all the countries with who the UK have agreements see NIM33012
The UK also has Reciprocal Agreements with some countries in the EC. For a full list of these countries see NIM33008.
Note: In situations where it is not possible to apply European legislation then the Reciprocal Agreements may apply.