Class 4 NICs: structure: annual Class 4 NICs maximum from 6 April 2003 to 5 April 2011: contributors who are employed and self-employed: examples: Case 2 of regulation 100(3): profits do not exceed the UPL
NIM24170 onwards provides guidance on the calculation method used to determine the Class 1, 2 and 4 annual maximum liability for a contributor who is both employed and self-employed during the same tax year. The calculation method shown applies to tax years from 2003/2004 onwards. For guidance on the Class 1, 2 and 4 NICS annual maximum for tax years before 2003/2004 see NIM24120 onwards.
The following example illustrates the Class 1, 2 and 4 NICs annual maximum calculation for a contributor who falls into Case 2 of regulation 100(3). In this example the contributor’s profits do not exceed the Upper Profits Limit and he is not required to pay any Class 4 NICs at the additional Class 4 NICs percentage. However, since the amount of Class 1 and 2 NICs that the contributor has paid does not exceed the Class 2 and main percentage Class 4 NICs maximum, the contributor is required to pay some Class 4 NICs at 8% and some Class 4 NICs at a rate of 1%. This example should be read in conjunction with NIM24175 and NIM24177
The example uses the rates and limits in force during the 2010/2011 tax year.
Mr Kenny has been self-employed for the whole of the 2010/2011 tax year. His profits for the year are £30,000. He has paid £1942.80 at the main Class 4 NICs percentage. He has paid 52 Class 2 NICs at £2.40. Mr Kenny was also employed during the 2010/2011 tax year and has paid £2500 at the main Class 1 NICs percentage. Mr Kenny’s maximum Class 1, 2 and 4 NICs liability is calculated as follows.
Subtract the Lower Profits Limit (LPL) from the Upper Profits Limit (UPL)
£43875 - £5715 = £38160
Multiply the result of step 1 by 8%
£38160 x 8% = £3052.80
Add to the result of step 2, 53 times the weekly rate of Class 2 NICs
£3052.80 + (53 x £2.40) = £3180
Subtract from the result of step 3 the aggregate amount of any Class 2 NICs and any primary Class 1 NICs paid at the main primary percentage.
£3180 - £2624.80 = £555.20
Which Case of regulation 100(3) does Mr Kenny fall into?
If the result of step 4 is a positive figure but it does not exceed the aggregate of Class 1 NICs payable at the main primary percentage, Class 2 NICs and Class 4 NICs payable at the main Class 4 percentage, the result of step 4 is the maximum amount of Class 4 NICs due at 8%.
On his earnings and profits Mr Kenny would be liable, and has paid, a total of £4567.60 in NICs. That is £2500 in Class 1 NICs, plus £124.80 in Class 2 NICs plus £1942.80 in Class 4 NICs. The figure produced by step 4 (£555.20) is a positive figure but it does not exceed £4567.60. Mr Kenny therefore falls into Case 2 of regulation 100(3). Case 2 provides that the figure of Class 4 produced at step 4 is the maximum amount of Class 4 NICs payable at 8%. It is then necessary to go to step 5 to 9 of regulation 100(3).
Multiply the result of step 4 by 100/8
555.20 x 100/8 = £6940
Subtract the Lower Profits Limit from the lesser of the Upper Profits Limit and the actual amount of profits for the year.
£30,000 - £5715 = £24285
Subtract the result of step 5 from the result of step 6.
£24285 - £6940 = £17345
Multiply the result of step 7 by 1%
£17345 x 1% = £173.45
Multiply by 1% the amount of profits in excess of the Upper Profits Limit
Nil x 1% - there are no profits above the UPL.
Add together steps 4, 8 and 9
£555.20 + £173.45 + nil = £728.65
Mr Kenny’s annual Class 4 liability amounts to £728.65. He is due to pay a combination of Class 4 NICs at 8% and 1%. As he has no profits above the UPL he is not liable for Class 4 NICs at the additional percentage. As he has paid less in Class 1, 2 and 4 NICs than the Class 2 and main percentage 4 maximum he is due to pay 1% on some of the profits that fall between the LPL and UPL. As a total of £1942.80 in Class 4 NICs has been paid Mr Kenny is due a Class 4 refund.