Controlled Foreign Companies: exemptions - the motive test: Application of motive test: examples - captive Insurance companies
A captive insurance company resident in a low tax territory carries out transactions to insure the risks of United Kingdom and non-United Kingdom associates. The facts show that:
- transactions between the captive and the UK group (in the form of premiums paid to the captive) have achieved a more than minimal reduction in UK tax;
- the existence of the captive achieves a significant reduction in UK tax by a diversion of profits from the UK;
- one main purpose of the transactions was to provide insurance cover for the UK group members but the reduction in UK tax is substantial enough to indicate that its achievement was another main purpose of the transactions;
- one main reason for the existence of the captive is that the regulatory requirements are less onerous in the territory in which it is resident than if it was a UK insurance company but the reduction in UK tax by a diversion of profits from the UK is similarly substantial enough to indicate that its achievement was another main reason for the captive’s existence.
Neither leg of the motive test is passed.