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HMRC internal manual

International Exchange of Information Manual

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HM Revenue & Customs
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Reportable Information: Tax Identification Number

Reportable Information: Tax Identification Number

The taxpayer identification number (TIN) is the unique identifier assigned to the Account Holder by the tax administration in the Account Holder’s jurisdiction of tax residence. It is a unique combination of letters and/or numbers used to identify an individual or entity for the purposes of administering the tax laws of that jurisdiction.

Any identifier assigned by a jurisdiction of source, for example, for identifying a person whose income has been subject to withholding tax at source, should not be reported.

Some jurisdictions do not issue a TIN and where that is the case there will be nothing to report unless they use other high integrity numbers with an equivalent level of identification. For individuals these include:

  • Social security number
  • National insurance number
  • Citizen or personal identification code or number
  • Resident registration number

 

For entities, jurisdictions may use a business/company registration code or number where no TIN has been issued.

Some jurisdictions that issue TINs have domestic law that does not require the collection of the TIN for domestic reporting purposes, Australia for example. In such cases the Reporting Financial Institution is not required to collect the TIN for those jurisdictions.

The OECD will produce a guide to the structure and form of TINs used by tax administrations including those where domestic collection of the TIN is not required. This will be published on the OECD website.

The TIN, or TIN equivalent, must be reported for all new accounts [see IEIM403140] where issued.

For pre-existing accounts [see IEIM402640] the TIN is reportable to the extent that it is already held in records maintained by the Reporting Financial Institution [see IEIM402300] or the Reporting Financial Institution is otherwise obliged to collect it.

The TIN will become a mandatory item for reporting for FATCA in respect of pre-existing accounts for the 2017 reporting year onwards. The same applies under the CDOT IGA but it is expected for the 2017 reporting year onwards that all reporting in respect of CDOT jurisdictions will be in accordance with the CRS.

For the CRS and DAC, where the TIN is not held in respect of pre-existing accounts the Reporting Financial Institution must use reasonable efforts to obtain it [see IEIM402320] by the end of the second calendar year following the year in which the accounts are identified as Reportable Accounts [see IEIM401520]. Not all jurisdictions issue a TIN, or functional equivalent, to all individuals or entities; where a TIN has not been issued to an individual or entity there is an exception from the requirement to report a TIN.  If and when a jurisdiction starts issuing TINs the exception no longer applies and the TIN would be required to be reported if the Financial Institution obtains a self-certification that contains such a TIN, or otherwise obtains such a TIN.

As Reportable Persons may be resident in more than one jurisdiction they may have two or more TINs that the Financial Institution must report.

FATCA

The TIN to be reported for FATCA purposes is the US Federal Taxpayer Identification Number.

Crown Dependencies and Overseas Territories Agreements

For Gibraltar the identifier to be reported for individuals is a social security number.

For Guernsey the identifier to be reported for individuals is a social security number.

For the Isle of Man the identifier to be reported for individuals is a national insurance number.

For Jersey the identifier to be reported for individuals is a social security number.

United Kingdom

For most individuals in the UK the TIN will be their National Insurance Number.