Accounting for Insurance Premium Tax: transitional accounting arrangements: purpose and outline of this section
IPT07800 deals with the transitional arrangements for a change in IPT rate and is - except where stated - relevant for all changes in tax rates (past and future For details of the higher rate of IPT see IPT04900.
There are also anti-forestalling arrangements, which are designed to stop insurers or their customers from avoiding tax by making advance payments in respect of insurance contracts commencing before a rate increase, or buying several years of cover in advance. These are outlined in IPT07840, IPT07845, IPT07850, IPT07855 and IPT07860 and in Notice IPT 1.
Advance notice required
The arrangements allow for a minimum period of a full three months between the announcement of change in the rate of IPT and the implementation of that rate change. For example, the changes announced in the March 1999 Budget did not come into force until 1 July 1999, and the changes announced in the June 2010 Budget did not come into force until 4 January 2011.
Legal basis for the transitional arrangements
Any transitional provisions are contained in the Finance Act in which the change in rate is announced. Section 24 of the Finance Act 1997 contains the transitional arrangements for the amended Finance Act 1994, for the increase in rate from 2.5% to 4%; and section 125 of the Finance Act 1999 contains the transitional arrangements, where the rate was increased from 4% to 5%.