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HMRC internal manual

Inheritance Tax Manual

HM Revenue & Customs
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Calculating the chargeable estate: calculation where there are no specific gifts

If there are no specific gifts, the residue (IHTM26003) is the whole estate. The part or proportion of the estate taken by the exempt beneficiaries or bodies will be exempt. The rest is chargeable. 


Under his will Trevor gives his whole estate in following proportions

  • half to his wife (IHTM11032) for life
  • a quarter to charity (IHTM11112) absolutely
  • a quarter to his brother and sister absolutely.

The three quarters given to the spouse and charity are exempt. The remaining ¼ is chargeable.