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HMRC internal manual

Enquiry Manual

Working the Enquiry: RIPA: Directed Surveillance - RIPA Part II

Surveillance is defined in RIPA section 48 and includes

  • monitoring, observing or listening to persons, their movements, their conversations or their other activities or communications
  • recording anything monitored, observed or listened to in the course of surveillance, and
  • surveillance by or with the assistance of a surveillance device.

RIPA2000/S26(2) states that surveillance is directed if it is covert, but not intrusive, and is undertaken:

  • for the purposes of a specific investigation or a specific operation
  • in such a manner as is likely to result in the obtaining of private information about a person (whether or not one specifically identified for the purposes of the investigation or operation), and
  • otherwise than by way of an immediate response to events or circumstances the nature of which is such that it would not be reasonably practicable for an authorisation to be sought for the carrying out of the surveillance.

(This content has been withheld because of exemptions in the Freedom of Information Act 2000)