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HMRC internal manual

Employment Income Manual

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Seafarers’ Earnings Deduction: example of eligible period

Section 378 ITEPA 2003

Section 378(3) defines a combined period as consisting of three consecutive periods, A,B and C where:

  • A is a period of consecutive days of absence from the United Kingdom or is itself a combined period
  • B is a period of not more than 183 days
  • C is a period of consecutive days of absence from the United Kingdom.

It is a condition that at least half of the days in the combined period must be days ofabsence from the United Kingdom. See EIM33005 for furtherguidance.

The following example shows how combining periods of absence works in practice.

### Dates ### Days of absence ### UK days ### Combined period A+B+C ### Running total of UK days ### 1/2 limit for UK days ### Period B not to exceed 183consecutive days
             
1 Jan 04 to 31 Mar 04 91 (A)          
1 Apr 04 to 31 May 04   61 (B)       OK
1 Jun 04 to 31 Aug 04 92 (C)   244 (A) 61 122 OK  
1 Sep 04 to 31 Oct 04   61 (B)       OK
1 Nov 04 to 31 Jan 05 92 (C)   397 (A) 122 198 OK  
1 Feb 05 to 31 Mar 05   59 (B)       OK
1 Apr 05 to 30 Jun 05 92 (C)   548 181 274 OK  

Notes

  1. The first combined period from 1 January 2004 to 31 August 2004 is less than 365 days so by itself does not form an eligible period.
  2. The extended combined period from 1 January 2004 to 31 January 2005 is 365 days or more so does form an eligible period.
  3. The extended combined period from 1 January 2004 to 30 June 2005 further extends the eligible period.