Other expenses: Losses
Section 128 ITA 2007
Relief for losses arising from an employment or office is claimed under section 128 ITA 2007. An expense deduction from earnings (where the relief is sought under Chapter 2, Part 5 ITEPA 2003) (see EIM31600 onwards) cannot exceed the earnings from which it is deductible (see EIM31655). There are limited circumstances in which loss relief may be claimed under section 128 ITA 2007.
Employment income losses
Loss relief may be available under section 128 ITA 2007, to be given by set-off against general income, where the employee has negative taxable earnings from an employment in a tax year that exceed the amount of taxable earnings from that employment in that tax year (see EIM00800).
Relief can not be claimed under section 128 in respect of a loss if it arises as a result of arrangements of which the main purpose or one of the main purposes is the avoidance of tax. Section 68 FA 2009 amended S128 ITA 2007 to this effect and relates to any losses generated on or after 12 January 2009.
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The restrictions on employment income losses explained in EIM31655 do not apply to capital allowances. A loss can be generated by capital allowances because relief is given by section 36 CAA 2001 (see EIM36500) and not by reference to sections 336-9 ITEPA 2003.
Expenses of ministers of religion
Section 329(4) ITEPA 2003 makes clear that the restriction on employment income losses also does not apply to the expenses of religion where the relief is due under section 351 ITEPA 2003 (see EIM60040).