USA: double taxation agreement, Article 25: Mutual agreement procedure
Replaced by new DTA, which applies in UK from 1st April 2003 for CT, 6th April 2003 for IT and 1st January 2004 for PRT. For US withholding taxes it applies from 1st May 2003 and for other US taxes from 1st January 2004. See DT19939Q.
(1) Where a resident or national of a Contracting State considers that the actions of one or both of the Contracting States result or will result in taxation not in accordance with this Convention, he may, notwithstanding the remedies provided by the national laws of those States, present his case to the competent authority of the Contracting State of which he is a resident or national.
(2) The competent authority shall endeavour, if the objection appears to it to be justified and if it is not itself able to arrive at an appropriate solution, to resolve the case by mutual agreement with the competent authority of the other Contracting State, with a view to the avoidance of taxation not in accordance with the Convention. Where an agreement has been reached, a refund as appropriate shall be made to give effect to the agreement.
(3) The competent authorities of the Contracting States shall endeavour to resolve by mutual agreement any difficulties or doubts arising as to the interpretation or application of the Convention. In particular the competent authorities of the Contracting States may reach agreement on:
(a) the attribution of income, deductions, credits, or allowances of an enterprise of a Contracting State to its permanent establishment situated in the other Contracting State;
(b) the allocation of income, deductions, credits, or allowances between persons;
(c) the nature of particular items of income;
(d) the meaning of terms not otherwise defined in this Convention;
(e) the place where a particular item of income has its source;
(f) the elimination of double taxation in respect of income paid out of trusts.
(4) The competent authorities of the Contracting States may communicate with each other directly for the purpose of reaching agreement as contemplated by this Convention.