USA: double taxation agreement, Article 15 Dependent personal services
Replaced by new DTA, which applies in UK from 1st April 2003 for CT, 6th April 2003 for IT and 1st January 2004 for PRT. For US withholding taxes it applies from 1st May 2003 and for other US taxes from 1st January 2004. See DT19939D and E.
(1) Subject to the provisions of Articles 18 (Pensions) and 19 (Government service), salaries, wages and other similar remuneration derived by a resident of a Contracting State in respect of an employment shall be taxable only in that State unless the employment is exercised in the other Contracting State. If the employment is so exercised, such remuneration as is derived therefrom may be taxed in that other State.
(2) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (1), remuneration derived by a resident of a Contracting State in respect of an employment exercised in the other Contracting State shall be taxable only in the first-mentioned State if:
(a) the recipient is present in that other State for a period not exceeding in the aggregate 183 days in the tax year concerned; and
(b) the remuneration is paid by, or on behalf of, an employer who is not a resident of that other State; and
(c) the remuneration is not borne as such by a permanent establishment or a fixed base which the employer has in that other State.
(3) Notwithstanding the preceding provisions of this Article, remuneration in respect of an employment as a member of the regular complement of a ship or aircraft in international traffic may be taxed by the Contracting State of which the employer operating the ship or aircraft is a resident.