USA: double taxation agreement, Article 1: Personal scope
Replaced by new DTA, which applies in UK from 1st April 2003 for CT, 6th April 2003 for IT and 1st January 2004 for PRT. For US withholding taxes it applies from 1st May 2003 and for other US taxes from 1st January 2004. See DT19930.
(1) Except as specifically provided herein, this Convention is applicable to persons who are residents of one or both of the Contracting States.
(2) A corporation which is both a resident of the United Kingdom within the meaning of paragraph (1)(a)(ii) of Article 4 (Fiscal residence), and a resident of the United States within the meaning of paragraph (1)(b)(ii) of Article 4 shall not be entitled to claim any relief or exemption from tax provided by this Convention except that such corporation may claim the benefits of paragraph (2) of Article 8 (Shipping and air transport), of Article 23 (Elimination of double taxation) with respect to paragraph (1)(c) thereof and the petroleum revenue tax referred to in paragraph (2)(b) of Article 2 (Taxes covered), of Article 24 (Non-discrimination) and of Article 28 (Entry into force) and the provisions of paragraph (7) of Article 11 (Interest) shall apply to it.
(3) Notwithstanding any provision of this Convention except paragraph 4 of this Article, a Contracting State may tax its residents (as determined under Article 4 (Fiscal residence)) and its nationals as if this Convention had not come into effect
(4) Nothing in paragraph (3) of this Article shall affect the application by a Contracting State of:
(a) paragraph (4) of Article 4 (Fiscal residence), paragraph (2) of Article B (Shipping and air transport), and Articles 9 (Associated enterprises), 23 (Elimination of double taxation), 24 (Non-discrimination) and 25 (Mutual agreement procedure): and
(b) Articles 19 (Government service), 20 (Teachers), 21 (Students and trainees), and 27 (Effect on diplomatic and consular officials and domestic laws), with respect to individuals who are neither nationals of, nor have immigrant status in, that State.