DT: Kenya: double taxation agreement, Article 11: Dividends
a. Dividends derived from a company which is a resident of the United Kingdom by a resident of Kenya may be taxed in Kenya.
b. Where a resident of Kenya is entitled to a tax credit in respect of such a dividend under paragraph (2) of this Article tax may also be charged in the United Kingdom and according to the laws of the United Kingdom, on the aggregate of the amount or value of that dividend and the amount of that tax credit at a rate not exceeding 15 per cent.
c. Except as aforesaid dividends derived from a company which is a resident of the United Kingdom by a resident of Kenya who is subject to tax in Kenya on them shall be exempt from any tax in the United Kingdom which is chargeable on dividends.
A resident of Kenya who receives dividends from a company which is a resident of the United Kingdom shall, subject to the provisions of paragraph (3) of this Article and provided he is subject to tax in Kenya on the dividends, be entitled to the tax credit in respect thereof to which an individual resident in the United Kingdom would have been entitled had he received those dividends, and to the payment of any excess of such credit over his liability to United Kingdom tax.
Paragraph (2) of this Article shall not apply where the recipient of the dividend is a company which either alone or together with one or more associated companies controls directly or indirectly at least 10 per cent of the voting power in the company paying the dividend. For the purpose of this paragraph two companies shall be deemed to be associated if one is controlled directly or indirectly by the other, or both are controlled directly or indirectly by a third company.
Dividends derived from a company which is a resident of Kenya by a resident of the United Kingdom may be taxed in the United Kingdom. Such dividends may also be taxed in Kenya but the tax so charged shall not exceed 15 per cent of the gross amount of the dividends if the recipient of the dividends is subject to tax on them in the United Kingdom.
The term ‘dividends’ as used in this Article means income from shares or other rights, not being debt-claims, participating in profits, as well as income from other corporate rights assimilated to income from shares by the taxation law of the State of which the company making the distribution is a resident and also includes any other item (other than interest or royalties relieved from tax under the provisions of Article 12 or Article 13 of this Agreement) which, under the law of the Contracting State of which the company paying the dividend is a resident, is treated as a dividend or distribution of a company.
If the recipient of the dividends being a resident of a Contracting State owns 10 per cent or more of the class of shares in respect of which the dividends are paid then paragraphs (1) and (2) or as the case may be paragraph (4) of this Article shall not apply to the dividends to the extent that they can have been paid only out of profits which the company paying the dividends earned or other income which it received in a period ending 12 months or more before the relevant date. For the purposes of this paragraph the term `relevant date` means the date on which the recipient of the dividends became the owner of 10 per cent or more of the class of shares in question
- Provided that this paragraph shall apply only if the shares were acquired primarily for the purpose of securing the benefit of this Article and not for bona fide commercial reasons.
The provisions of paragraphs (1) and (2), or as the case may be paragraph (4) of this Article shall not apply where a resident of a Contracting State has in the other Contracting State a permanent establishment and the holding by virtue of which the dividends are paid is effectively connected with the business carried on through such permanent establishment. In such a case the provisions of Article 8 shall apply.
Where a company which is a resident of a Contracting State derives profits or income from the other Contracting State that other State may not impose any tax on the dividends paid by the company to persons who are not residents of that other State or subject the company’s undistributed profits to a tax on undistributed profits, even if the dividends paid or the undistributed profits consist wholly or partly of profits
income arising in that other State.